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Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation

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Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) has been reported to improve several pain conditions, such as back pain, shoulder pain, wrist pain, knee pain.

Table 19: NMES Post-SCI Pain

Discussion

In an RCT, Chen and colleagues (2018) found that combined NMES and carbamazepine was equally as effective at reducing pain intensity compared to carbamazepine alone.

Conclusion

There is level 2 evidence (Chen et al. 2018) that NMES combined with carbamazepine is no more effective than carbamazepine alone in improving pain post SCI.

  • Combined NMES and carbamazepine is no more effective than carbamazepine alone for SCI pain.