AA

Functional Electrical Stimulation

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Table 20: FES Post-SCI Pain

Discussion

One pre-post trial found 30 minutes of FES rowing over 6 weeks resulted in significant reduction shoulder related pain post SCI.

Conclusion

There is limited level 4 evidence (Wilbanks et al. 2016) that FES improves shoulder pain post SCI.

  • FES may improve musculoskeletal shoulder pain post SCI