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Upper Limb

Abbreviations

AbINT activity based intervention
ADL activities of daily living
AIS ASIA Impairment Scale
AP action potential
APB abductor pollicis brevis
BGS Belgrade Grasping-Reaching System
BR brachioradialis
CAM complementary alternative therapies
CHART Craig Handicapped Assessment and Reporting Tools
CNS central nervous system
COPM Canadian Occupational Performance Measure
CPG central pattern generators
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
Cu- cutaneous
CWRU Case Western Reserve University
ECRB extensor carpi radialis brevis
ECRL extensor carpi radialis longus
EDM extensor digiti minimi
EMG electromyography
FCR flexor carpi radialis
FDP flexor digitorum profundus
FES functional electrical stimulation
FEV-1 forced expiratory flow
FIM Functional Independence Measure
fMRI functional magnetic resonance imaging
FNS functional neurostimulation
FPL flexor pollicis longus
FVC forced vital capacity
GRT Grasp and Release Test
HHD handheld dynamometry
IST-12 implanted stimulator-telemeter
MeCFES myoelectrically controlled functional electrical stimulation
MRCS Medical Research Council Scale
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
NMS neuromuscular stimulation
NP neuroprothesis
NRS Numeric Rating Scale
O ocular
OT occupational therapy
PC performance corrected
PD posterior third of the deltoid
PET positron emission topography
PO power output
PT physiotherapy
PT pronator teres
PVA Paralyzed Veterans of America
QIF Quadriplegic Index Function
REL Rehabilitation Engineering Laboratory Hand Function Test
ROM range of motion
rTMS repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
SCI spinal cord injury
SCIM Spinal Cord Independence Measure
SEM standard error of mean
SRS Stimulator Router System
SS somatosensory peripheral nerve stimulation
VRS Verbal Rating Scale
WUSPI Wheelchair Users Shoulder Pain Index
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