Action observation therapy has been used in the treatment of patients with neurological disorders, such as stroke and SCI (Peng et al., 2019). In action observation therapy, patients are asked to observe motor actions carried out by another individual and then attempt to perform the same task themselves (Peng et al., 2019). As an example, patients may watch a video clip that shows an individual stretching out their hand to pick up a cup and then try to attempt the movement themselves (Borges et al., 2018). This process is thought to enhance rehabilitation through the mirror neuron system by activating central representations of actions to increase cortical excitability in the primary motor cortex (Peng et a., 2019; Kim & Kim 2015). A few studies have evaluated the efficacy of action observation therapy in motor relearning following stroke and found some benefits in upper limb function (Kuk et al., 2016; Zhu et al., 2015; Sale et al., 2014; Ertlet et al., 2007). However, few studies have investigated the efficacy of action observation therapy in SCI patients.
The methodological details and results from one post test are outlined in Table 5.