AA

References

Algood SD, Cooper RA, Fitzgerald SG, Cooper R, Boninger ML. Impact of a pushrim-activated power-assisted wheelchair on the metabolic demands, stroke frequency, and range of motion among subjects with tetraplegia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2004; 85(11):1865-71.

Algood SD, Cooper RA, Fitzgerald SG, Cooper R, Boninger ML. Effect of a pushrim-activated power-assist wheelchair on the functional capabilities of persons with tetraplegia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2005; 86(3):380-6.

Barnett RI, Shelton FE. Measurement of support surface efficacy: pressure. Adv Wound Care 1997; 10(7):21-9.

Bednarczyk JH, Sanderson DJ. Limitations of kinematics in the assessment of wheelchair propulsion in adults and children with spinal cord injury. Phys Ther 1995; 75(4):281-9.

Beekman CE, Miller-Porter L, Schoneberger M. Energy cost of propulsion in standard and ultralight wheelchairs in people with spinal cord injuries. Phys Ther 1999; 79(2):146-58.

Bergstrom AL, Samuelsson. Evaluation of manual wheelchairs by individuals with spinal cord injuries. Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology. 2006;1:175-92.

Biering-Sorensen F, Hansen RB, Biering-Sorensen J. Mobility aids and transport possibilities10-45 years after SCI. Spinal Cord 2004;42:699-706.

Bogie K, WangX, Fei B, SunJ. New technique for real-time interface pressure analysis: Getting more out of large image data sets. JRehabil Res Dev2008; 45, 5236.

Boninger ML, Cooper RA, Baldwin MA, Shimada SD, Koontz A. Wheelchair pushrim kinetics: body weight and median nerve function. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1999; 80(8):910-5.

Boninger ML, Baldwin M, Cooper RA, Koontz A, Chan L. Manual wheelchair pushrim biomechanics and axle position. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2000; 81(5):608-13.

Boninger ML, Souza AL, Cooper RA, Fitzgerald SG, Koontz AM, Fay BT. Propulsion patterns and pushrim biomechanics in manual wheelchair propulsion. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002; 83(5):718-23.

Brienza DM, Karg PE. Seat cushion optimization: a comparison of interface pressure and tissue stiffness characteristics for spinal cord injured and elderly patients. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1998; 79(4):388-94.

Brienza DM, Karg PE, Geyer MJ, Kelsey S, Trefler E. The relationship between pressure ulcer incidence and buttock-seat cushion interface pressure in at-risk elderly wheelchair users. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2001; 82(4):529-33.

Brubaker, C.E. Wheelchair prescription: An analysis of factors that affect mobility and performance. J Rehabil Res Dev 1986;23:19-26.

Brunton B. Segways are not Disability Devices. http://www.segwaydisabled.blogspot.com/. Accessed March 17, 2010.

Burns SP, Betz KL. Seating pressures with conventional and dynamic wheelchair cushions in tetraplegia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1999; 80(5):566-71.

Coggrave MJ, Rose LS. A specialist seating assessment clinic: changing pressure relief practice. Spinal Cord 2003;41:692-5.

Collinger JL, Boninger ML, Koontz AM et al. Shoulder biomechanics during the push phase of wheelchair propulsion: a multisite study of persons with paraplegia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2008; 89(4):667-76.

Cooper RA, Fitzgerald SG, Boninger ML, Prins K, Rentschler AJ, Arva J, et al. Evaluation of a pushrim-activated, power-assisted wheelchair. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2001; 82(5):702-8.

Cooper RA, Thorman T, Cooper R, Dvorznak MJ, Fitzgerald SG, Ammer W. Driving characteristics of electric-powered wheelchair users: How far, fast, and often do people drive? Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002;83:250-5.

Corfman TA, Cooper RA, Boninger ML, Koontz AM, Fitzgerald SG. Range of motion and stroke frequency differences between manual wheelchair propulsion and pushrim-activated power-assisted wheelchair propulsion. J Spinal Cord Med 2003; 26(2):135-40.

Curtis K, Drysdale G, Lanza D, Kolber M, Vitolo R, West R. Shoulder pain in wheelchair users with tetraplegia and paraplegia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1999:80: 453-7.

DiGiovine, CP. Koontz A, Boninger, M. Advances in manual wheelchair technology. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil. 2006;11:1-14.

Di Marco A, Russell M, Masters M. Standards for wheelchair prescription. Aus Occup Ther J 2003;50:30-9.

Eitzen I. Pressure mapping in seating: a frequency analysis approach. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2004; 85(7):1136-40.

Ferguson-Pell M, Cardi MD. Prototype development and comparative evaluation of wheelchair pressure mapping system. Assist Technol 1993; 5(2):78-91.

Fisher SV, Szymke TE, Apte SY, Kosiak M. Wheelchair cushion effect on skin temperature. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1978;59:68-72.

Fitzgerald SG, Arva J, Cooper RA, Dvorznak MJ, Spaeth DM, Boninger ML. A pilot study on community usage of a pushrim-activated, power-assisted wheelchair. Assist Technol 2003; 15(2):113-9.

Freixes O, Fernandez SA, Gatti MA, Crespo MJ, Olmos LE, Rubel IF. Wheelchair axle position effect on start-up propulsion performance of persons with tetraplegia. J Rehab Research and Dev 2010; 47(7): 661-8.

Gagnon B, Noreau L, Vincent C. Reliability of the seated postural control measure for adult wheelchair users. Disabil Rehabil 2005; 27(24):1479-91.

Garber SL. Wheelchair cushions for spinal cord-injured individuals. Am J Occu Ther 1985; 39(11):722-5.

Garber SL, Dyerly LR. Wheelchair cushions for Persons with Spinal Cord Injury: An Update. AM J Occu Ther 1991;45(6):550-4.Gearability. http://www.gearability.com/2008/04/22/segway-scooter-as-an-assistive-device/. Accessed March 17, 2010.

Giesbrecht EM, Ethans KD, & Staley D. Measuring the effect of incremental angles of wheelchair tilt on interface pressure among individuals with SCI. Spinal Cord 2011;49:827-31.

Giesbrecht, E., Ripat, J., Quanbury, A., & Cooper, J. Participation in community-based activities of daily living: Comparison of a pushrim-activated, power-assisted wheelchair and a power wheelchair. Disabil Rehabil 2009;4(3):198-207.

Gil-Agudo A, De PG, Del AE, Perez-Rizo E, az-Dominguez E, Sanchez-Ramos A. Comparative study of pressure distribution at the user-cushion interface with different cushions in a population with spinal cord injury. Clin Biomech 2009;24:558-63.

Gilsdorf P, Patterson R, Fisher S. Thirty-minute continuous sitting force measurements with different support surface in the spinal cord injured and able-bodied. J Rehabil Res Dev 1991;28:33-8.

Gutierrez DD, Thompson L, Kemp B, Mulroy SJ. The relationship of shoulder pain intensity to quality of life, physical activity, and community participation in persons with paraplegia. J Spinal Cord Med 2007; 30(3):251-5.

Gutierrez EM, Alm M, Hultling C, and Saraste H. Measuring seating pressure, area, and asymmetry in persons with spinal cord injury. Eur Spine J 2004;13(4):374-379.

Hamanami K, Tokuhiro A, Inoue H. Finding the optimal setting of inflated air pressure for a multi-cell air cushion for wheelchair patients with spinal cord injury. Acta Med Okayama 2004; 58(1):37-44.

Hanson D, Langemo D, Anderson J, Hunter S, Thompson P. Pressure mapping: seeing the invisible. Adv Skin Wound Care 2006; 19(8):432-4.

Hastings JD, Fanucchi ER, Burns SP. Wheelchair configuration and postural alignment in persons with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2003; 84(4):528-34.

Hastings J, Robins, H, Griffiths Y, Hamilton C. The differences in self-esteem, function, and participation between adults with low cervical motor tetraplegia who use power or manual wheelchairs. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2011;92:1785-8.

Henderson JL, Price SH, Brandstater ME, Mandac BR. Efficacy of three measures to relieve pressure in seated persons with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med 1994;75:535-9.

Hobson DA, Tooms RE. Seated lumbar/pelvic alignment. A comparison between spinal cord-injured and noninjured groups. Spine 1992; 17(3):293-8.

Hobson DA. Comparative effects of posture on pressure and shear at the body-seat interface. J Rehabil Res Dev 1992; 29(4):21-31.

Hunt PC, Boninger ML, Cooper RA, Zafonte RD, Fitzgerald SG, Schmeler MR. Demographicand socioeconomic factors associated with disparity in wheelchair customizability among people with traumatic spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2004;85:1859-64.Independence Technology. About the iBOT Mobility System. Available at http://www.ibotnow.com/. Accessed March 17, 2010.

Jan YK, Brienza DM. Technology for Pressure Ulcer Prevention. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil; 2006; 11(3):30-41.

Jan YK, Crane BA. Wheelchair tilt-in-space and recline does not reduce sacral skin perfusion as changing from the upright to the tilted and reclined position in people with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2013;94:1207-10.

Jan YK, Crane BA, Liao F, Woods JA, Ennis WJ. Comparison of Muscle and Skin Perfusion Over the Ischial Tuberosities in Response to Wheelchair Tilt-in-Space and Recline Angles in People With Spinal Cord Injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2013; 94:1990-6.

Jan YK, Jones MA, Rabadi MH, Foreman RD, Thiessen A. Effects of wheelchair tilt-in-space and recline angles on skin perfusion over the ischial tuberosity in people with SCI. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2010;91:1758-64.

Jan YK, Liao F, Jones MA, Rice LA, Tisdell T. Effect of Durations of Wheelchair Tilt-in-Space and Recline on Skin Perfusion Over the Ischial Tuberosity in People With Spinal Cord Injury. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2013; 94:667-72.

Janssen-Potten YJ, Seelen HA, Drukker J, Reulen JP. Chair configuration and balance control in persons with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2000; 81(4):401-8.

Janssen-Potten YJ, Seelen HA, Drukker J, Huson T, Drost MR. The effect of seat tilting on pelvic position, balance control, and compensatory postural muscle use in paraplegic subjects. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2001; 82(10):1393-402.

Janssen-Potten YJ, Seelen HA, Drukker J, Spaans F, Drost MR. The effect of footrests on sitting balance in paraplegic subjects. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002; 83(5):642-8.

Kamper D, Barin K, Parnianpour M, Reger S, Weed H. Preliminary investigation of the lateral postural stability of spinal cord-injured individuals subjected to dynamic perturbations. Spinal Cord 1999; 37(1):40-6.

Kernozek TW, Lewin JE. Seat interface pressures of individuals with paraplegia: influence of dynamic wheelchair locomotion compared with static seated measurements. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1998; 79(3):313-6.

Kilkens OJ, Dallmeijer AJ, Nene AV, Post MW, Van Der Woude LH. The longitudinal relation between physical capacity and wheelchair skill performance during inpatient rehabilitation of people with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2005; 86:1575-81.

Lin YH, Kuo CH, Ng HH, Liu WY, Lien HY. Bimanual gliding control for indoor power wheelchair driving. JRehabil Res Dev2013;50:357-66.

Makhsous M, Priebe M, Bankard J, Rowles D, Zeigler M, Chen D, Lin F. Measuring tissue perfusion during pressure relief maneuvers: insights into preventing pressure ulcers. J Spinal Cord Med 2007; 30(5):497-507.

Makhsous M, Rowles DM, Rymer WZ, Bankard J, Nam EK, Chen D, Lin F. Periodically relieving ischial sitting load to decrease the risk of pressure ulcers. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2007 Jul;88(7):862-70.

Mao HF, Huang SL, Lu TW, Lin YS, Liu HM, Wang YH, et al. Effects of lateral trunk support on scoliotic spinal alignment in persons with spinal cord injury: a radiographic study. Arch Phys Med Rehabill 2006;87(6):764-71.

Maurer CL, Sprigle S. Effect of seat inclination on seated pressures of individuals with spinal cord injury. Phys Ther 2004; 84(3):255-61.

May LA, Butt C, Kolbinson K, Minor L, Tulloch K. Wheelchair back-support options: functional outcomes for persons with recent spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2004; 85(7):1146-50.

Minkel JL. Seating and mobility considerations for people with spinal cord injury. Phys Ther 2000; 80(7):701-9.

Mulroy SJ, Newsam CJ, Gutierrez DD, et al. Effect of fore-aft seat position on shoulder demands during wheelchair propulsion: part 1. A kinetic analysis. J Spinal Cord Med 2005; 28(3):214-21.

Nash MS, Koppens D, van Haaren M, Sherman AL, Lippiatt JP, Lewis JE. Power-assisted wheels ease energy costs and perceptual responses to wheelchair propulsion in persons with shoulder pain and spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2008; 89:2080-5.

Richter WM, Rodriguez R, Woods KR, Karpinski AP, Axelson PW. Reduced finger and wrist flexor activity during propulsion with a new flexible handrim. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2006; 87(12):1643-7.

Richter WM, Rodriguez R, Woods KR, Axelson PW. Stroke pattern and handrim biomechanics for level and uphill wheelchair propulsion at self-selected speeds. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2007; 88(1):81-7.

Richter WM, Rodriguez R, Woods KR, Axelson PW. Consequences of a cross slope on wheelchair handrim biomechanics. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2007; 88(1):76-80.

Rondorf-Klym LM, Langemo D. Relationship between body weight, body position, support surface, and tissue interface pressure at the sacrum. Decubitus 1993; 6(1):22-30.

Samuelsson KA, Tropp H, Nylander E, Gerdle B. The effect of rear-wheel position on seating ergonomics and mobility efficiency in wheelchair users with spinal cord injuries: a pilot study. J Rehabil Res Dev 2004; 41(1):65-74.

Sawatzky BJ, Miller WC, Denison I. Measuring energy expenditure using heart rate to assess the effects of wheelchair tire pressure. Clin Rehabil 2005; 19(2):182-7.

Sawatzky B, Denison I, Langrish S, Richardson S, Hiller K, Slobogean B. The segway personal transporter as an alternative mobility device for people with disabilities: a pilot study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2007;88:1423-8.

Sawatzky B, Denison I, Tawashy A. The Segway for people with disabilities: Meeting Client’s mobility goals. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2009;88:484-90.

Segway Inc. Segway Personal Transporter. http://www.segway.com/. Accessed March 17, 2010.

Seymour RJ, Lacefield WE. Wheel chair cushion effect on pressure and skin temperature. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1985;66:103-8.

Shelton F, Barnett R, Meyer E. Full-body interface pressure testing as a method for performance evaluation of clinical support surfaces. Appl Ergon 1998; 29(6):491-7.

Shields RK, Cook TM. Lumbar support thickness: effect on seated buttock pressure in individuals with and without spinal cord injury. Phys Ther 1992; 72(3):218-26.

Shimada, S.D. Robertson, R.N., Bonninger, M.L., Cooper, R.A. Kinematic characterization of wheelchair propulsion. J Rehabil Res Dev 1998; 35:210-8.

Smit CA, Zwinkels M, Van Dijk T, De Groot S, Stolwijk-Swuste JM, Janssen TW. Gluteal blood flow and oxygenation during electrical stimulation-induced muscle activation versus pressure relief movements in wheelchair users with a spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2013;51:694-9.

Sonenblum SE, Springle S, Harris FH, Maurer CL. Characterization of power wheelchair use inthe home and community. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2008;89:486-91.

Sonenblum SE, Springle S, Maurer CL. Use of power tilt systems in everyday life. DisabilRehabil Assist Technol 2009;4:24-30.

Sonenblum SE, Sprigle SH. The impact of tilting on blood flow and localized tissue loading.J Tissue Variability 2011;20:3-13.

Spijkerman DC, Terburg M, Goossens RH, Stijnen T. Effects of inflation pressure and posture on the body-seat interface pressure of spinal cord injured patients seated on an air-filled wheelchair cushion. J Rehabil Sci. 1995;8:8-12.

Sprigle S, Chung KC, Brubaker CE. Reduction of sitting pressures with custom contoured cushions. J Rehabil Res Dev 1990; 27(2):135-40.

Sprigle S, Wootten M, Sawacha Z, Theilman G. Relationships among cushion type, backrest height, seated posture, and reach of wheelchair users with spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med 2003; 26(3):236-43.

Sprigle S, Maurer C, Sorenblum SE. Load redistribution in variable position wheelchairs in people with spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med 2010;33:58-64.

Sprigle SH, Faisant TE, Chung KC. Clinical evaluation of custom-contoured cushions for the spinal cord injured. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1990; 71(9):655-8.

Stinson M, Porter A, Eakin P. Measuring interface pressure: a laboratory-based investigation into the effects of repositioning and sitting. Am J Occup Ther 2002; 56(2):185-90.

Stinson MD, Porter-Armstrong A, Eakin P. Seat-interface pressure: a pilot study of the relationship to gender, body mass index, and seating position. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2003; 84(3):405-9.

Stinson MD, Porter-Armstrong A. Seating and pressure support needs of people with cancer in the cervix or rectum: a case series on the clinical usefulness of pressure mapping assessment. Euro J Cancer Care 2007; 17:298-305.

Stinson MD, Schofield R, Gillan C, Morton J, Gardner E, Sprigle S, Porter-Armstrong A. Spinal Cord Injury and Pressure Ulcer Prevention: Using Functional Activity in Pressure Relief. Nursing Research and Practice Volume 2013, Article ID 860396, 8 pages.

Takechi H, Tokuhiro A. Evaluation of wheelchair cushions by means of pressure distribution. Acta Med Okayama 1998; 52(5):245-54.

Tam EW, Mak AF, Lam WN, Evans JH, Chow YY. Pelvic movement and interface pressure distribution during manual wheelchair propulsion. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2003;84:1466-72.

Taule T, Bergfjord EE, Lunde T, Stokke BH, Storlind H, Sorheim MV et al. Factors influencing optimal seating pressure after spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2013;51:273-7.

Trewartha M, Stiller K. Comparison of the pressure redistribution qualities of two air-filledwheelchair cushions for people with spinal cord injuries. Aust Occ Ther J 2011; 58:287-92.

Vorrink SN, Van Der Woude LH, Messenberg A, Cripton PA, Hughes B, Sawatzky BJ. Comparison of wheelchair wheels in terms of vibration and spasticity in people with spinal cord injury. J Rehabil Res Dev 2008;45:1269-79.

Yuen HK, Garrett D. Comparison of three wheelchair cushions for effectiveness of pressure relief. Am J Occup Ther 2013;55:470-5.