Ackery A, Tator C, Krassioukov. A global perspective on spinal cord injury epidemiology. J Neurotrauma 2004; 21:1355-1370.

Ahmed HU, Shergill IS, Arya M, Shah PJ. Management of detrusor-external sphincter dyssynergia. Nat Clin Pract Urol 2006; 3: 368-380.

Alexander, M, Biering-Sorensen, F, Bodner, D, Brackett, N, Cardenas, D, Charlifue, S, Creasey, G, Dietz, V, Ditunno, J, Donovan, W, Elliott, S, Estores, I, Graves, D, Green, B, Gousse, A, Jackson, A, Kennelly, M, Karlsson, A, Krassioukov, A, Krogh, K, Linsenmeyer, T, Marino, R, Mathias, C, Perkash, I, Sheel, A, Schilero, G, Schurch, B, Sonksen, J, Stiens, S, Wecht, J, Wuermser, L, Wyndaele, J. International standards to document remaining autonomic function after spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2009; 47(1), 36–43.

American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. ACOG committee opinion. Obstetric management of patients with spinal cord injuries. Number 275, September 2002. Committee on Obstetric Practice. American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2002; 79: 189-191.

Anton HA, Townson A. Drug therapy for autonomic dysreflexia. CMAJ 2004; 170: 1210.

Arnold JM, Feng QP, Delaney GA, Teasell RW. Autonomic dysreflexia in tetraplegic patients: evidence for alpha-adrenoceptor hyper-responsiveness. Clin Auton Res 1995; 5: 267-270.

Ashley EA, Laskin JJ, Olenik LM, Burnham R, Steadward RD, Cumming DC, Wheeler GD. Evidence of autonomic dysreflexia during functional electrical stimulation in individuals with spinal cord injuries. Paraplegia 1993; 31: 593-605.

Barton CH, Khonsari F, Vaziri ND, Byrne C, Gordon S, Friis R. The effect of modified transurethral sphincterotomy on autonomic dysreflexia. J Urol 1986; 135: 83-85.

Bhambhani Y, Mactavish J, Warren S, Thompson WR, Webborn A, Bressan E, De Mello MT, Tweedy S, Malone L, Frojd K, Van De Vliet P, Vanlandewijck Y. Boosting in athletes with high-level spinal cord injury: knowledge, incidence and attitudes of athletes in paralympic sport. Disabil Rehabil. 2010; 32(26): 2172-90.

Biering-Sørensen F, Biering-Sørensen T, Liu N, Malmqvist L, Wecht JM, Krassioukov A. Alterations in cardiac autonomic control in spinal cord injury. Auton Neurosci. 2017 Feb 15. pii: S1566-0702(17)30044-9. doi:10.1016/j.autneu.2017.02.004. [Epub ahead of print]

Blackmer J. Rehabilitation medicine: 1. Autonomic dysreflexia. CMAJ 2003; 169: 931-935.

Bladder management for adults with spinal cord injury: A clinical practice guideline for health-care providers. Consortium for Spinal Cord Medicine. Paralyzed Veterans of America; 2006.

Blauwet CA, Benjamin-laing H, Stomphorst J, Van de vliet P, Pit-grosheide P, Willick SE. Testing for boosting at the Paralympic games: policies, results and future directions. Br J Sports Med. 2013;47(13):832-7.

Boot CR, Binkhorst RA, Hopman MT. Body temperature responses in spinal cord injured individuals during exercise in the cold and heat. Int J Sports Med 2006 Aug;27(8):599-604.

Braddom RL, Rocco JF. Autonomic dysreflexia. A survey of current treatment. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 1991; 70: 234-241.

Chancellor MB, Erhard MJ, Hirsch IH, Stass WE. Prospective evaluation of terazosin for the treatment of autonomic dysreflexia. J Urol 1994; 151: 111-113.

Chancellor MB, Rivas DA, Erhard MJ, Hirsch IH, Bagley DH. Flexible cystoscopy during urodynamic evaluation of spinal cord-injured patients. J Endourol 1993; 7: 531-535.

Chen Q, Li F, Fang Z, Zhang Z, Zhang Y, Wu W, Yao G. Timing of surgical decompression for acute traumatic cervical spinal cord injury: a multicenter study. Neurosurg Q 2012; 22: 61-68.

Chen SF, Kuo HC. Improvement in autonomic dysreflexia after detrusor onabotulinumtoxinA injections in patients with chronic spinal cord injuries. Tzu Chi Medical Journal 2012; 24: 201-204.

Chen SL, Bih LI, Huang YH, Tsai SJ, Lin TB, Kao YL. Effect of single botulinum toxin A injection to the external urethral sphincter for treating detrusor external sphincter dyssynergia in spinal cord injury. J Rehabil Med 2008; 40: 744-748.

Claydon VE, Krassioukov AV. Orthostatic hypotension and autonomic pathways after spinal cord injury. J Neurotrauma 2006; 23: 1713-1725.

Coggrave MJ, Ingram RM, Gardner BP, Norton CS. The impact of stoma for bowel management after spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2012; 50: 848-852.

Colachis SC 3rd, Otis SM. Occurrence of fever associated with thermoregulatory dysfunction after acute traumatic spinal cord injury. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 1995;74(2): 114–19.

Consortium for Spinal Cord Medicine. Acute management of autonomic dysreflexia: Individuals with spinal cord injury presenting to health-care facilities. Paralyzed Veterans of America; 2001.

Consortium for Spinal Cord Medicine. Acute management of autonomic dysreflexia: Adults with spinal cord injury presenting to health-care facilities. In Clinical practice guidelines. Paralyzed Veterans of America; 1997.

Cosman BC, Vu TT, Plowman BK. Topical lidocaine does not limit autonomic dysreflexia during anorectal procedures in spinal cord injury: a prospective, double-blind study. Int J Colorectal Dis 2002; 17: 104-108.

Cosman BC, Vu TT. Lidocaine anal block limits autonomic dysreflexia during anorectal procedures in spinal cord injury: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Dis Colon Rectum 2005; 48: 1556-1561.

Courtois F, Rodrigue X, Cote I, Boulet M, Vezina J-G, Charvier K, Dahan V. Sexual function and autonomic dysreflexia in men with spinal cord injuries: How should we treat?. Spinal Cord 2012; 50: 869-877.

Cross LL, Meythaler JM, Tuel SM, Cross AL. Pregnancy following spinal cord injury. West J Med 1991; 154: 607-611.

Cross LL, Meythaler JM, Tuel SM, Cross LA. Pregnancy, labor and delivery post spinal cord injury. Paraplegia 1992; 30: 890-902.

Curt A, Nitsche B, Rodic B, Schurch B, Dietz V. Assessment of autonomic dysreflexia in patients with spinal cord injury. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1997; 62: 473-477.

DeVivo MJ, Krause JS, Lammertse DP. Recent trends in mortality and causes of death among persons with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1999; 80: 1411-1419.

Dixit S. Bradycardia associated with high cervical spinal cord injury. Surg Neurol. 1995;43(5):514.

Downey JA, Huckaba CE, Myers SJ, Darling RC. Thermoregulation in the spinal man. J Appl Physiol. 1973; 34(6):790–94.

Dykstra DD, Sidi AA, Anderson LC. The effect of nifedipine on cystoscopy-induced autonomic hyperrelfexia in patients with high spinal cord injuries. J Urol 1987; 138: 1155-1157.

Dykstra DD, Sidi AA, Scott AB, Pagel JM, Goldish GD. Effects of botulinum A toxin on detrusorsphincter dyssynergia in spinal cord injury patients. J Urol 1988; 139: 919-922.

Ekland M, Krassioukov A, McBride KE, Elliott SL. Incidence of autonomic dysreflexia and silent autonomic dysreflexia in men with SCI undergoing sperm retrieval: Implications for clinical practice. J Spinal Cord Med 2008; 30: 43-50.

Elliott S, Krassioukov A. Malignant autonomic dysreflexia in spinal cord injured men. Spinal Cord 2006; 6: 386-392.

Eltorai I, Kim R, Vulpe M, Kasravi H, Ho W. Fatal cerebral hemorrhage due to autonomic dysreflexia in a tetraplegic patient: case report and review. Paraplegia 1992; 30: 355-360.

Eltorai IM, Wong DH, Lacerna M, Comarr, AE, Montroy R. Surgical aspects of autonomic dysreflexia. J Spinal Cord Med 1997; 20: 361-364.

Erickson RP. Autonomic hyperreflexia: pathophysiology and medical management. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1980; 61: 431-440.

Esmail Z, Shalansky KF, Sunderji R, Anton H, Chambers K, Fish W. Evaluation of captopril for the management of hypertension in autonomic dysreflexia: a pilot study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002; 83: 604-608.

Evans CH, Duby JJ, Berry AJ, Schermer CR, Cocanour CS. Enteral albuterol decreases the need for chronotropic agents in patients with cervical spinal cord injury-induced bradycardia. J Trauma Acute Care Surg, 2014;76(2):297-302.

Forrest GP. Atrial fibrillation associated with autonomic dysreflexia in patients with tetraplegia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1991;72(8):592–594.

Fougere RJ, Currie KD, Nigro MK, Stothers L, Rapoport D, Krassioukov AV. Reduction in BladderRelated Autonomic Dysreflexia after OnabotulinumtoxinA Treatment in Spinal Cord Injury. J Neurotrauma. 2016;33(18):1651-7.

Franga DL, Hawkins ML, Medeiros RS, Adewumi D. Recurrent asystole resulting from high cervical spinal cord injuries. Am Surgeon, 2006;72(6):525-9.

Frankel HL, Mathias CJ. Severe hypertension in patients with high spinal cord lesions undergoing electroejaculation – management with prostaglandin E2. Paraplegia 1980; 18: 293-299.

Frost F. Antihypertensive therapy, nifedipine, and autonomic dysreflexia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002; 83: 1325-1326.

Furlan JC, Fehlings MG, Shannon P, Norenberg MD, Krassioukov AV. Descending vasomotor pathways in humans: Correlation between axonal preservation and cardiovascular dysfunction after spinal cord injury. J Neurotrauma 2003; 20: 1351-1363.

Furusawa K, Sugiyama H, Ikeda A, Tokuhiro A, Koyoshi H, Takahashi M, Tajima F. Autonomic dysreflexia during a bowel program in patients with cervical spinal cord injury. Acta Medica Okayama 2007; 61: 221-227.

Furusawa K, Sugiyama H, Tokuhiro A, Takahashi M, Nakamura T, Tajima F. Topical anesthesia blunts the pressor response induced by bowel manipulation in subjects with cervical spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2009;47:144-148.

Gee CM, West CR, Krassioukov AV. Boosting in Elite Athletes with Spinal Cord Injury: A Critical Review of Physiology and Testing Procedures. Sports Med. 2015;45(8):1133-42.

Giannantoni A, Di Stasi SM, Scivoletto G, Mollo A, Silecchia A, Fuoco U, Vespasiani G. Autonomic dysreflexia during urodynamics. Spinal Cord 1998;36:756-860.

Giannantoni A, Di Stasi SM, Stephen RL, Navarra P, Scivoletto G, Mearini E, Porena M. Intravesical capsaicin versus resiniferatoxin in patients with detrusor hyperreflexia: a prospective randomized study. J Urol 2002; 167: 1710-1714.

Grossman E, Messerli FH, Grodzicki T, Kowey P. Should a moratorium be placed on sublingual nifedipine capsules given for hypertensive emergencies and pseudoemergencies? JAMA 1996; 276: 1328-1331.

Guly HR, Bouamra O, Lecky FE. The incidence of neurogenic shock in patients with isolated spinal cord injury in the emergency department. Resuscitation. 2008;76(1):57-62.

Guttman L. Spinal cord injuries: Comprehensive management and research. 2nd ed. Philadelphia (PA): Blackwell Science Ltd; 1976.
Hagobian TA, Jacobs KA, Kiratli BJ, Friedlander AL. Foot cooling reduces exercise-induced hyperthermia in men with spinal cord injury. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2004;36(3): 411–17.

Hanrakis JP, Rosado-Rivera D, Singh K, Swonger K, Azarelo F, Lombard AT, Spungen AM, Kirshblum SC, Bauman WA. Self-reported effects of cold temperature exposure in persons with tetraplegia. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine 2016, Issue TBD: Published online: 08 Mar 2016.

Hawkins RL Jr, Bailey HR, Donnovan WH. Autonomic dysreflexia resulting from prolapsed hemorrhoids. Report of a case. Dis Colon Rectum 1994; 37: 492-493.

Henrich WL. Autonomic insufficiency . Arch Intern Med 1982;142: 339-44.

Ho CP, Krassioukov AV. Autonomic dysreflexia and myocardial ischemia. Spinal Cord 2010; 48: 714-715.

Hohenfellner M, Pannek J, Botel U, Bahms S, Pfitzenmaier J, Fichtner J, et al. Sacral bladder denervation for treatment of detrusor hyperreflexia and autonomic dysreflexia. Urol 2001; 58: 28-32.

Hughes SJ, Short DJ, Usherwood MM, Tebbutt H. Management of the pregnant woman with spinal cord injuries. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1991; 98: 513-518.

Igawa Y, Satoh T, Mizusawa H, Seki S, Kato H, Ishizuka O, Nishizawa O. The role of capsaicinsensitive afferents in autonomic dysreflexia in patients with spinal cord injury. BJU Int 2003; 91:637-641.

Jackson AB, Wadley V. A multicenter study of women’s self-reported reproductive health after spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1999; 80: 1420-1428.

Jane MJ, Freehafer AA, Hazel C, Lindan R, Joiner E. Autonomic dysreflexia. A cause of morbidity and mortality in orthopedic patients with spinal cord injury. Clin Orth Relat Res. 1982;(169):151–154.

Joint National Committee on Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. The sixth report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Arch Intern Med 1997; 157: 2413–2445.

Jones NA, Jones SD. Management of life-threatening autonomic hyper-reflexia using magnesium sulphate in a patient with a high spinal cord injury in the intensive care unit. Br J Anaesth 2002; 88: 434-438.

Kabalin JN, Lennon S, Gill HS, Wolfe V, Perkash I. Incidence and management of autonomic dysreflexia and other intraoperative problems encountered in spinal cord injury patients undergoing extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy without anesthesia on a second generation lithotriptor. J Urol 1993; 149: 1064-1067.

Karlsson AK. Autonomic dysreflexia. Spinal Cord 1999; 37: 383-391.

Ke QS, Kuo HC. Transurethral incision of the bladder neck to treat bladder neck dysfunction and voiding dysfunction in patients with high-level spinal cord injuries. Neuro Uro 2010; 29: 748-752.

Khan S, Plummer M, Martinez-Arizala A, Banovac K. Hypothermia in patients with chronic spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med. 2007; 30(1): 27–30.

Khurana RK. Orthostatic hypotension-induced autonomic dysreflexia. Neurology. 1987;37(7):1221–24.

Kim JH, Rivas DA, Shenot PJ, Green B, Kennelly M, Erickson, JR, O’Leary M, Yoshimura N, Chancellor MB. Intravesical resiniferatoxin for refractory detrusor hyperreflexia: a multicenter, blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. J Spinal Cord Med 2003; 26: 358-363.

Kofler M, Poustka K, Leopold S. Intrathecal baclofen for autonomic instability due to spinal cord injury. Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical 2009; 146: 106-110.

Kramer KM, Levine AM. Posttraumatic syringomyelia: A review of 21 cases. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1997;(334):190–99.

Krassioukov A, Claydon VE. The clinical problems in cardiovascular control following spinal cord injury: an overview. Prog Brain Res 2006; 152: 223-229.

Krassioukov A, Warburton DE, Teasell R, Eng JJ. A systematic review of the management of autonomic dysreflexia after spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2009; 90: 682-695.

Krassioukov A. Which pathways must be spared in the injured human spinal cord to retain cardiovascular control? Prog Brain Res 2006; 152: 39-47.

Krassioukov, A, Biering-Sorensen, F, Donovan, W, Kennelly, M, Kirshblum, S, Krogh, K, Alexander, M, Vogel, L, Wecht, J. (2012). International standards to document remaining autonomic function after spinal cord injury (ISAFSCI), First Edition 2012. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 18, 283–296.

Krassioukov A, Biering-Sørensen F, Donovan W, Kennelly M, Kirshblum S, Krogh K, Sipski Alexander M, Vogel L, and Wecht J. International standards to document remaining autonomic function after spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med. 2012 Jul; 35(4): 202–211.

Krassioukov AV, Bunge RP, Ruckett WR, Bygrave MA. The changes in human spinal cord sympathetic preganglionic neurons after spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 1999; 37: 6-13.

Krassioukov AV, Furlan JC, Fehlings MG. Autonomic dysreflexia in acute spinal cord injury: an underrecognized clinical entity. J Neurotrauma 2003; 20: 707-16.

Krassioukov AV, Harkema SJ. Effect of harness application and postural changes on cardiovascular parameters of individuals with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2006; 44: 780-6.

Krassioukov AV, Johns DG, Schramm LP. Sensitivity of sympathetically correlated spinal interneurons, renal sympathetic nerve activity, and arterial pressure to somatic and visceral stimuli after chronic spinal injury. J Neurotrauma 2002; 19: 1521-1529.

Krassioukov AV, Karlsson AK, Wecht JM, Wuermser LA, Mathias CJ, Marino RJ. Assessment of autonomic dysfunction following spinal cord injury: Rationale for additions to International Standards for Neurological Assessment. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 44
(1), 2007; 103-112.

Krassioukov AV, Weaver LC. Morphological changes in sympathetic preganglionic neurons after spinal cord injury in rats. Neuroscience 1996; 70: 211-226.

Krassioukov AV, Weaver LC. Reflex and morphological changes in spinal preganglionic neurons after cord injury in rats. Clin Exp Hypertens 1995; 17: 361-73.

Krum H, Louis WJ, Brown DJ, Howes LG. A study of the alpha-1 adrenoceptor blocker prazosin in the prophylactic management of autonomic dysreflexia in high spinal cord injury patients. Clin Auton Res 1992; 2: 83-88.

Kuo HC. Satisfaction with urethral injection of botulinum toxin A for detrusor sphincter dyssynergia in patients with spinal cord lesion. Neurourol Urodyn 2008; 27: 793-796.

Kutzenberger J, Domurath B, Sauerwein D. Spastic bladder and spinal cord injury: seventeen years of experience with sacral deafferentation and implantation of an anterior root stimulator. Artif Organs 2005; 29: 239-241.

Kutzenberger J. Surgical therapy of neurogenic detrusor overactivity (hyperreflexia) in paraplegic patients by sacral deafferentation and implant driven micturition by sacral anterior root stimulation: methods, indications, results, complications, and future prospects. Acta Neurochir Suppl 2007; 97: 333-339.

Lambert DH, Deane RS, Mazuzan JE. Anesthesia and the control of blood pressure in patients with spinal cord injury. Anesth Analg 1982; 61: 344-348.

Lehmann KG, Lane JG, Piepmeier JM, Batsford WP. Cardiovascular abnormalities accompanying acute spinal cord injury in humans: Incidence, time course and severity. J Am Coli Cardiol 1987;10:46-52.

Lindan R, Leffler EJ, Kedia KR. A comparison of the efficacy of an alpha – I – adrenergic blocker in the slow calcium channel blocker in the control of autonomic dysreflexia. Paraplegia 1985; 23: 34-38.

Linsenmeyer TA, Campagnolo DI, Chou IH. Silent autonomic dysreflexia during voiding in men with spinal cord injuries. J Urol 1996; 155: 519-22.

Liu N, Zhou M, Biering-Sørensen F, Krassioukov AV. Iatrogenic urological triggers of autonomic dysreflexia: a systematic review. Spinal cord. 2015 Jul 1;53(7):500-9.

Maehama T, Izena H, Kanazawa K. Management of autonomic hyperreflexia with magnesium sulfate during labor in a woman with spinal cord injury. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2000; 183: 492-493.

Mathias CJ, Bannister R. Autonomic disturbances in spinal cord lesions. In: Bannister R, Mathias CJ. (ed). Autonomic Failure: A Textbook of Clinical Disorders of the Autonomic Nervous System. Oxford University Press, NYC NY, 2002, p 839-881.

Mathias CJ, Frankel HL. Cardiovascular control in spinal man. Ann Rev Physiol 1988; 50: 577-592.

Mathias CJ, Frankel HL. The cardiovascular system in tetraplegia and paraplegia. In: Frankel HL. (ed). Handbook of Clinical Neurology. Elsevier Science, Philadelphia PA, 1992, p 435-456.

Matthews JM, Wheeler GD, Burnham RS, Malone LA, Steadward RD. The effects of surface anaesthesia on the autonomic dysreflexia response during functional electrical stimulation. Spinal Cord 1997; 35: 647-651.

Mazzeo F, Santamaria S and Iavarone A. Boosting in Paralympic athletes with spinal cord injury: Doping without drugs. Funct Neurol. 2015 Apr-Jun; 30(2): 91–98.

McGillivray CF, Hitzig SL, Craven BC, Tonack MI, Krassioukov AV. Evaluating knowledge of autonomic dysreflexia among individuals with spinal cord injury and their families. J Spinal Cord Med. 2009;32:54-62.

McGillivray CF, Krassioukov A, Hitzing SL, Tonack M, Craven C, Greene C. Autonomic dysreflexia – Evaluating knowledge among individuals with SCI and health practitioners. J Spinal Cord Med 2006; 29: 331.

McGregor JA, Meeuwsen, J. Autonomic hyperreflexia: a mortal danger for spinal cord-damaged women in labor. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1985;151:330-333.

McGuire J, Wagner FM, Weiss RM. Treatment of autonomic dysreflexia with phenoxybenzamine. J Urol 1976; 115: 53-55.

McGuire TJ, Kumar VN. Autonomic dysreflexia in the spinal cord-injured. What the physician should know about this medical emergency. Postgrad Med 1986; 80: 81-84, 89.

Mills PB, Krassioukov A. Autonomic function as a missing piece of the classification of Paralympic athletes with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 2011;49(7):768-76.

Mirkowski M, McIntyre A, Teasell RW. (2015). Cardiovascular Complications during the Acute Phase of Spinal Cord Injury. In Eng JJ, Teasell RW, Miller WC, Wolfe DL, Townson AF, Hsieh JTC, Connolly SJ, Noonan VK, Loh E, McIntyre A, editors. Spinal Cord Injury Research Evidence. Version 5.0: p 1-26.).

Naftchi NE, Richardson JS. Autonomic dysreflexia: pharmacological management of hypertensive crises in spinal cord injured patients. J Spinal Cord Med 1997; 20: 355-360.

Osborn JW, Taylor RF, Schramm LP. Chronic cervical spinal cord injury and autonomic hyperreflexia in rats. Am J Physiol 1990; 258: R169-R174.

Pannek J, Gocking K, Bersch U. Clinical Usefulness of the Memokath Stent as a Second-Line Procedure After Sphincterotomy Failure. J Endour 2011; 25: 335-339.

Paola FA, Sales D, Garcia-Zozaya I. Phenazopyridine in the management of autonomic dysreflexia associated with urinary tract infection. J Spinal Cord Med 2003; 26: 409-411.

Pasquina PF, Houston RM, Belandres PV. Beta blockade in the treatment of autonomic dysreflexia: a case report and review. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1998; 79: 582-584.

Perkash I. Transurethral sphincterotomy provides significant relief in autonomic dysreflexia in spinal cord injured male patients: Long-term followup results. J Urol 2007; 177: 1026-1029.

Phillips AA, Elliott SL, Zheng MM, Krassioukov AV. Selective alpha adrenergic antagonist reduces severity of transient hypertension during sexual stimulation after spinal cord injury. Journal of neurotrauma. 2015 Mar 15;32(6):392-6.

Pine ZM, Miller SD, Alonsa JA. Atrial fibrillation associated with autonomic dysreflexia. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 1991; 70: 271-273.

Prakash M, Raxwal V, Froelicher VF, Kalisetti D, Vieira A, O’Mara G, Marcus R, Myers J, Kiratli J, Perkash I. Electrocardiographic findings in patients with chronic spinal cord injury. Am J Phys MedRehabil. 2002;81(8):601–8.

Price MJ, Campbell IG. Effects of spinal cord lesion level upon thermoregulation during exercise in the heat. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003;35(7):1100–1107.

Ravindran RS, Cummins DF, Smith IE. Experience with the use of nitroprusside and subsequent epidural analgesia in a pregnant quadriplegic patient. Anesth Analg 1981; 60: 61-63.

Ruiz-Arango AF, Robinson VJB, Sharma GK. Characteristics of patients with cervical spinal injury requiring permanent pacemaker implantation. Cardiol Rev, 2006;14(4):e8-11.

Sadaka F, Naydenov SK, Ponzillo JJ. Theophylline for bradycardia secondary to cervical spinal cord injury. Neurocrit Care, 2010;13(3):389-92.

Sampson EE, Burnham RS, Andrews BJ. Functional electrical stimulation effect on orthostatic hypotension after spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2000; 81: 139-143.

Schmidt KD, Chan CW. Thermoregulation and fever in normal persons and in those with spinal cord injuries. Mayo Clin Proc. 1992;67(5):469–75.

Schurch B, Knapp PA, Jeanmonod D, Rodic B, Rossier AB. Does sacral posterior rhizotomy suppress autonomic hyper-reflexia in patients with spinal cord injury? Br J Urol 1998; 81: 73-82.

Schurch B, Stohrer M, Kramer G, Schmid DM, Gaul G, Hauri D. Botulinum-A toxin for treating detrusor hyperreflexia in spinal cord injured patients: a new alternative to anticholinergic drugs? Preliminary results. J Urol 2000; 164: 692-697.

Seoane-Rodriguez S, Sanchez R-Losada J, Montoto-Marques A, Salvador-de la Barrera S, FerreiroVelasco ME, Alvarez-Castelo L, Balsa-Mosquera B, Rodriguez-Sotillo A. Long-term follow-up study of intraurethral stents in spinal cord injured patients with detrusor-sphincter dyssynergia. Spinal Cord 2007; 45: 621-626.

Sharpe EE, Arendt KW, Jacob AK, Pasternak JJ. Anesthetic management of parturients with preexisting paraplegia or tetraplegia: a case series. International journal of obstetric anesthesia. 2015 Feb 28;24(1):77-84.

Sheel AW, Krassioukov AV, Inglis JT, Elliott SL. Autonomic dysreflexia during sperm retrieval in spinal cord injury: influence of lesion level and sildenafil citrate. J Appl Physiol 2005; 99: 53-58.

Sidi AA, Becher EF, Reddy PK, Dykstra DD. Augmentation enterocystoplasty for the management of voiding dysfunction in spinal cord injury patients. J Urol 1990; 143: 83-85.

Sidorov EV, Townson AF, Dvorak MF, Kwon BK, Steeves J, Krassioukov A. Orthostatic hypotension in the first month following acute spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2007. [Epub ahead of print]. Silver JR. Early autonomic dysreflexia. Spinal Cord 2000; 38: 229-233.

Sipski ML, Arenas A. Female sexual function after spinal cord injury. Prog Brain Res 2006; 152: 441-447.

Sipski ML. The impact of spinal cord injury on female sexuality, menstruation and pregnancy: a review of the literature. J Am Paraplegia Soc 1991; 14: 122-126.

Skowronski E, Hartman K. Obstetric management following traumatic tetraplegia: case series and literature review. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2008; 48: 485-491.

Snow JC, Sideropoulos HP, Kripke BJ, Freed MM, Shah NK, Schlesinger RM. Autonomic hyperreflexia during cystoscopy in patients with high spinal cord injuries. Paraplegia 1978; 15: 327-332.

Steinberger RE, Ohl DA, Bennett CJ, McCabe M, Wang SC. Nifedipine pretreatment for autonomic dysreflexia during electroejaculation. Urol 1990; 36: 228-231.

Swierzewski SJ, Gormley EA, Belville WD, Sweetser PM, Wan J, McGuire EJ. The effect of terazosin on bladder function in the spinal cord injured patient. J Urol 1994; 151: 951-954.

Teasell RW, Arnold JM, Krassioukov A, Delaney GA. Cardiovascular consequences of loss of supraspinal control of the sympathetic nervous system following spinal cord injuries. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2000;81:506-516.

Teichman JM, Barber DB, Rogenes VJ, Harris JM. Malone antegrade continence enemas for autonomic dysreflexia secondary to neurogenic bowel. J Spinal Cord Med 1998; 21: 245-247.

Thyberg M, Ertzgaard P, Gylling M, Granerus G. Effect of nifedipine on cystometry-induced elevation of blood pressure in patients with a reflex urinary bladder after a high level spinal cord injury. Paraplegia 1994; 32: 308-313.

Tuli S, Tuli J, Coleman WP, Geisler FH, Krassioukov A. Hemodynamic parameters and timing ofsurgical decompression in acute cervical spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med. 2007;30(5):482-90.

Vaidyanathan S, Singh G, Soni BM, Hughes PL, Mansour P, Oo T, Bingley J, Sett P. Do spinal cord injury patients always get the best treatment for neuropathic bladder after discharge from regional spinal injuries centre? Spinal Cord 2004; 42: 438-442.

Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Dundas S, Krishnan KR. Urethral cytology in spinal cord injury patients performing intermittent catheterization. Paraplegia 1994;32:493-500.

Vaidyanathan S, Soni BM, Sett P, Watt JW, Oo T, Bingley J. Pathophysiology of autonomic dysreflexia: long-term treatment with terazosin in adult and paediatric spinal cord injury patients manifesting recurrent dysreflexic episodes. Spinal Cord 1998; 36: 761-770.

Vallès M, Benito J, Portell E, Vidal J. Cerebral hemorrhage due to autonomic dysreflexia in a spinal cord injury patient. Spinal Cord 2005;43:738-740.

van der Merwe A, Baalbergen E, Shrosbree R, Smit S, Heyns C. Outcome of dual flange metallic urethral stents in the treatment of neuropathic bladder dysfunction after spinal cord injury. J Endourol 2012; 26: 1210-1215.

Waites KB, Canupp KC, DeVivo MJ. Epidemiology and risk factors for urinary tract infection following spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1993a; 74: 691-695.

Waites KB, Canupp KC, DeVivo MJ. Eradication of urinary tract infection following spinal cord injury. Paraplegia 1993b; 31: 645-652.

West CR, Bellantoni A, Krassioukov AV. Cardiovascular function in individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury: a systematic review. Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil, 2013;19(4):267-78.

Wood DE, Dunkerley AL, Tromans AM. Results from bone mineral density scans in twenty-two complete lesion paraplegics. Spinal Cord 2001; 39: 145-148.

Wood GC, Boucher AB, Johnson JL, Wisniewski JN, Magnotti LJ, Croce MA, et al. Effectiveness of pseudoephedrine as adjunctive therapy for neurogenic shock after acute spinal cord injury: a case series. Pharmacotherapy, 2014;34(1):89-93.

Xiong Y, Yang S, Liao W, Song C, Chen L. Autonomic dysreflexia during cystolitholapaxy in patients with spinal cord injury. Minerva urologica e nefrologica= The Italian journal of urology and nephrology. 2015 Jun;67(2):85-90.

Yarkony GM, Katz RT, Wu Y. Seizures secondary to autonomic dysreflexia. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1986; 67: 834-835.

Yoo KY, Jeong CW, Kim WM, Lee HK, Kim SJ, Jeong ST, Lee JK, Lee J. Fatal cerebral hemorrhage associated with autonomic hyperreflexia during surgery in the prone position in a quadriplegic patient: a case report. Minerva Anestesiol 2010; 76: 554-8.