|Pillastrini et al. (2006)
|Population: Control Group: Mean Age: 52.2 yr; Gender: male=75%, female=25%;
Treatment Group: Mean Age: 31.5 yr; Gender: male=80%, female=20%;
Level of injury: cervical; Severity of injury: complete =100%; AIS A.
Intervention: The patients were randomized to receive either mechanical insufflation/exsufflation in addition to manual kinesitherapy, or kinesitherapy only.
Outcome Measures: Forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), peak
expiratory flow (PEF), (FEV1/FVC), arterious pressure of O2 (Pa O2), arterious pressure of CO2 (Pa CO2), (pH), saturation of oxygen (SaO2).
Chronicity: Time since injury not specified.
|1. Among patients who received mechanical insufflation/exsufflation, FVC and FEV1was significantly higher at the end of treatment compared to the beginning (p=0.0001).
2. Among patients who received mechanical insufflation/exsufflation, PEF was significantly higher at the end of treatment compared to the beginning (p=0.0093).
3. Among patients in the control group, there was no significant improvement in FVC, FEV1, or PEF (p>0.05) between the end of treatment and the beginning.
4. There were no significant differences in FEV1/FVC, Pa O2, Pa CO2, pH, and SaO2 in either of the groups (p>0.05 in all cases).