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The 2009 cost of conservative management of SCI in Nigeria was analyzed by Kawu and colleagues (2011) over a one-year timeframe. The total direct hospital costs were paid out-of-pocket by the patient or family. Indirect costs included lost income and vehicle repair or replacement (Table 17).

Table 17: Mean direct and indirect costs as reported by Kawu et al. 2011

Mean cost
Total cohort$278$1,863

The direct out-of-pocket cost for conservative SCI management in Nigeria is approximately $280 and $1,900 for lost income and vehicle repair/replacement.