The 2009 cost of conservative management of SCI in Nigeria was analyzed by Kawu and colleagues (2011) over a one year timeframe. The total direct hospital costs were paid out-of-pocket by the patient or family. Indirect costs included lost income and vehicle repair or replacement. 

Table: Mean direct and indirect costs as reported by Kawu et al. 2011

The direct out-of-pocket cost for conservative SCI management in Nigeria is approximately $270 and $1,530 for lost income and vehicle repair/replacement.