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Introduction

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The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is important for management and regulation of cardiovascular function. As such, spinal cord injury (SCI) is commonly associated with cardiovascular complications due to autonomic dysfunction (Malmqvist et al., 2015). As autonomic innervation of the cardiovascular system varies according to location along the spinal cord, abnormalities that arise following SCI are specific to the level of injury (Partida et al., 2016). Understanding cardiovascular dysfunction among individuals with SCI is crucial as it is a significant complication in the acute recovery of SCI.