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Self Management

Definition

TIDiers #2: “Why: Describe any rationale, theory, or goal of the elements essential to the Intervention program.”

Since the majority of studies included in this chapter did not explicitly frame the intervention programs as SM interventions in the reporting, the rational and theoretical underpinning of the programs are summarized here. We evaluated whether the studies clearly defined the term SM in the program descriptions. Overall, just 17 (13.5%) studies provided a definition of the SM in the body of the manuscript or indicated SM in the title. There was a wide range of topics studied by the SM management programs (Table 1). A significant proportion of the programs focused on a specific secondary impairment or condition(s) (N=50; 40.0%) such as bladder and/or bowel management, nutrition, infection, pain, etc. The two topics most studied were psychological wellbeing (N=19; 15.1%), and pressure ulcer and skin integrity (N=18; 14.3%).

 

Topic
Citation
Number of Studies
Psychological Wellbeing (e.g., cognitive appraisal, coping, social support, adjustment, hope, QoL) 12-30 19
Pressure Ulcer and Skin Integrity 31-48 18
Physical Activity 49-61 13
Bladder and/or Bowel Management 3,62-70 11
General/Unspecified Self-Management 71-80 10
Pain 81-90 10
Self-Efficacy 91-100 10
Peer-led Monitoring and/or Support 2,101-108 9
Community Reintegration 109-115 7
Secondary Condition Management (e.g., physical activity, bowel and bladder, respiratory, autonomic dysreflexia, skin care, communication, medication, mood) 116-121 6
Diabetes Prevention & Obesity Management & Nutrition 122-124 3
Communication 125,126 2
Goal Planning 127,128 2
Depression 129 1
Vocational Rehabilitation 130,131 2
Medication Management 132 1
Infection Prevention 133 1
Sexual Health 134 1

 

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