TIDiers #2: “Why: Describe any rationale, theory, or goal of the elements essential to the Intervention program.”
Since the majority of studies included in this chapter did not explicitly frame the intervention programs as SM interventions in the reporting, the rational and theoretical underpinning of the programs are summarized here. We evaluated whether the studies clearly defined the term SM in the program descriptions. Overall, just 17 (13.5%) studies provided a definition of the SM in the body of the manuscript or indicated SM in the title. There was a wide range of topics studied by the SM management programs (Table 1). A significant proportion of the programs focused on a specific secondary impairment or condition(s) (N=50; 40.0%) such as bladder and/or bowel management, nutrition, infection, pain, etc. The two topics most studied were psychological wellbeing (N=19; 15.1%), and pressure ulcer and skin integrity (N=18; 14.3%).