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There is 1 study (Level 4 evidence, Yang et al. 2014) that used rib suspension surgery (the trapezius muscle strength can be surgically transferred to the rib cage through the scapula to recover the lost thoracic breathing) and found that people reported improved breathing, cough & expectoration 1 day post-surgery, and increased range of diaphragmatic activity 2-3 weeks post-surgery, and significantly increased VC post-surgery.

Table 9: Other Surgery