Our definition of body weight support treadmill training (BWSTT) can be found above in Section 3.0 on Cardiorespiratory Health and Endurance.
Three pre-post studies have investigated the role of BWSTT on cardiometabolic function. All 3 studies demonstrate level 4 evidence that BWSTT improves various markers of cardiometabolic function including reduced insulin levels, reduced HOMA-IR, improved lipids, and reduced inflammation.
There is level 4 evidence (Turiel et al. 2011) that 6 weeks of 5d/wk BWSTT (60 min/day, 50-60% weight support) improves cardiac diastolic function and reduces inflammation in individuals with incomplete paraplegia.
There is level 4 evidence (Phillips et al. 2004) that 6 months of 3d/wk BWSTT improves glucose tolerance and increases GLUT-4 muscle content in individuals with various levels and severities of SCI.
There is level 4 evidence (Stewart et al. 2004b) that 6 months of 3d/wk improves blood lipids in individuals with various levels and severities of SCI.