- Developed as a measure of the risk for pressure ulcer development for individuals with SCI during the acute phase of injury (within 30 days of admission).
- Items for the scale were identified based on statistical analysis of data from 226 individuals with SCI, which compared development of pressure ulcers with demographic variables and 50 potential pressure ulcer risk factors. It evaluates eight domains:
- Extent of paralysis
- Serum creatinine
- Pulmonary disease
- Level of activity
- The SCIPUS-A scale is a quick and easy to use measure that provides predictive information about risk of pressure sore development. Despite the good content validity, other validity evidence is only adequate, and there has been no reliability or responsiveness testing with these individuals with SCI.
- Designed for individuals with SCI.
- There is minimal burden related to administering or scoring the scale if tests for albumin and serum creatinine are already part of the patient’s medical record. Otherwise the blood tests required would be invasive and create respondent burden.
Body Functions ▶ Functions of the Skin