• Designed to offer a new approach to measuring QOL that is grounded in and congruent with the perspective and experience of people with disabilities.
  • Based on the Centre for Health Promotion (CHP) QOL model that views QOL as arising out of the ongoing relationship between the person and his/her environment. It is comprised of three domains:
    1) Being
    2) Belonging
    3) Becoming

Clinical Considerations

This tool is a lengthy instrument that likely takes considerable time to administer.

ICF Domain

Quality of Life


  • Can be interview-administered or self-reported.
  • The items in the 3 domains are grouped into 9 sub-scores. All items are rated on a 5-point scale for satisfaction and importance – ranging from 1 (not at all satisfied/important) to 5 (extremely satisfied/important).

Number of Items





Overall scores are made more comprehensible by subtracting 3, leading to a range of scores from negative 10 (not at all satisfied/extremely important issues) to positive 10 (extremely satisfied/extremely important issues).



Training Required

Does not require advanced training.


Can be found by contacting the author (Rebecca Renwick, r.renwick@utoronto.ca).

Measurement Property Summary

# of studies reporting psychometric properties: 1


  • No normative data have been established for the SCI population
  • Published data for the SCI population are available for comparison (see the Interpretability section of the Study Details sheet).

MCID: not established in SCI
SEM: not established in SCI
MDC: not established in SCI


Internal consistency is High for the QOLP-PD total score (Cronbach’s a = 0.98) and the QOLP-PD domains: Being (Cronbach’s a = 0.95), Belonging (Cronbach’s a = 0.95) and Becoming (Cronbach’s a = 0.97).

(Renwick et al. 2003)


Correlations between the adjusted QOLP-PD total score and QOLP-PD subscale are High (ranging from Pearson’s r = 0.63- Physical Being to Pearson’s r = 0.88 – Growth Becoming).

(Renwick et al. 2003)


No values were reported for the responsiveness of the QOLP-PD for the SCI population.

Floor/Ceiling Effect

No values were reported for the presence of floor/ceiling effects in the QOLP-PD for the SCI population.


Dr. Ben Mortenson, Jeff Tan, John Zhu, Matthew Querée

Date Last Updated

16 March 2017

Renwick R, Brown I. The Centre for Health Promotion’s conceptual approach to quality of life: being, belonging, and becoming. In: Renwick R, Brown I, Nagler N (ed). Quality of life in health promotion and rehabilitation: Conceptual approaches, issues, and applications. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA, 1996, p 75-86.

Renwick R, Nourhaghighi N, Manns P, Laliberté Rudman D. Quality of life for people with physical disabilities: a new instrument. Int J Rehab Research 2003;26:279-287.