- Developed to provide a sensitive global functional scale for measuring gains in individuals with tetraplegia during rehabilitation.
- Items include: wash/dry hair, turn supine to side in bed, lower extremity dressing, open carton/jar, transfer from bed to wheelchair and lock wheelchair. These items were selected from five of the functional performance categories of self-care and mobility on the QIF in order to reduce item redundancies of the original 37-item version.
- The QIF – Short Form is more practical to use than the original QIF as the number of items have been reduced.
- The QIF – Short Form is designed specifically for the quadriplegic SCI population.
Activities and Participation ▶ Self-Care
- Clinician-administered; interview format.
- Scored on a 5 point scale from 0 (dependent) to 4 (independent).
- Administration time is under 5 minutes.
Number of Items
Scores from the 6 items are summed and scores range from 0 to 24.
Does not require advanced training.
Can be found here.
The file above contains item details and scoring instructions, as well as a ready-to-use worksheet for data collection.
# of studies reporting psychometric properties: 2
- Higher scores indicate greater independence in key ADLs.
- No cut-points or normative data for the SCI population have been established
- Published data for the SCI population is available for comparison (see the Interpretability section of the Research Summary sheet).
MCID: not established in SCI
SEM: not established in SCI
MDC: not established in SCI
Internal consistency is high for the total QIF-SF (Cronbach’s a = 0.89)
(Marino & Goin 1999)
- High correlation with Quadriplegia Index of Function (QIF):
r = 0.987 (p = 0.987)
- High correlation with ASIA Upper Extremity Motor Score (UEMS):
r = 0.824
(Marino & Goin 1999: N = 95 (85 male), tetraplegia; mean age (SD): 32.1 (13.2); non-ambulatory at 6 months)
- Moderate correlation with health state related to upper-extremity impairment of subjects:
r = 0.313 (p = 0.03)
(Snoek et al. 2005: N = 47 tetraplegics (38M, 9F); mean age (SD): 42 (13); mean duration of injury (SD): 11 (9); 44% AIS A, 31% AIS B, 9% AIS C, 16% AIS D)
There is a significant difference in QIF-SF scores across the 3 measurement times (start of rehab, 3 months after start of rehab, and discharge) for groups C3-C6 and C7-T1.
(Marino & Goin 1999, Spooren et al. 2006)
No values were reported for the presence of floor/ceiling effects in the QIF-SF for the SCI population.
Dr. Ben Mortenson, Jeff Tan, Gita Manhas
Date Last Updated
22 July 2020
Marino RJ, Goin JE. Development of a short-form Quadriplegia Index of Function scale. Spinal Cord 1999;37:289-296.
Spooren AI, Janssen-Potten YJ, Post MW, Kerckhofs E, Nene A, Seelen HA. Measuring change in arm hand skilled performance in persons with a cervical spinal cord injury: responsiveness of the Van Lieshout Test. Spinal Cord 2006; 44: 772-779.