Physical Activity Scale for Individuals with Physical Disabilities (PASIPD)

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Tool Description

  • Modified disability version of the 10 item Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE)
  • Captures information about leisure, household, and work related physical activity over the preceding 7 days.
  • Developed targeting individuals with visual/auditory and locomotor/SCI disabilities.
  • Solicits information about the frequency (number of days a week) and duration (daily hours) of current participation. The specific activity performed in each of these areas is also captured.
  • Assesses 5 distinct dimensions of physical activity: home repair, lawn and garden work, housework, vigorous sport and recreation, moderate sport and recreation, and occupation and transportation.

ICF Domain:

Activity – subcategory: Self-Care.

Number of Items:


Brief Instructions for Administration & Scoring


  • Survey administered by mail, telephone, or in person.
  • Individuals respond to 2 ordinally ranked responses. Frequency responses range from 1 (never) to 4 (often) while duration responses range from 1 (less than 1) hour to 4 (greater than 4 hours).
  • Time for administration is approximately 15 minutes.


  • Equipment that people use in their everyday physical activities.


  • The average hours per day for each item is multiplied by a metabolic equivalent (MET) value associated with the intensity of the activity and summing over items 2 through 13.
  • Scores range from 0 (no activity) to >100 METS hr/day (very high).
  • There is some variation on scoring.


MCID: not established for SCI
SEM: not established for SCI
MDC: not established for SCI

  • No cut-points or normative data have been established for the SCI population
  • Published data for the SCI population is available for comparison (see Interpretability section of Study Details sheet)


English and Dutch.

Training Required:



See the ‘How-to use’ page for this tool.

Clinical Considerations

  • The PASIPD has the potential to provide in-depth information about the degree of activity in the form of Metabolic Equivalents (METS hr/day) and or descriptive information about various activities individuals are performing as well as the frequency and duration of this activity.
  • The items of the test were developed with disabled populations in mind.

Measurement Property Summary

# of studies reporting psychometric properties: 2


  • Internal consistency of factors obtained from principal component analysis and varimax orthogonal rotations was Low (Cronbach’s a=0.37-0.65).

[Washburn et al. 2002]


  • PASIPD constructs were assessed through factor analysis and differentiation between groups (age, physical activity level, and self-rated health status)
  • Low to High correlations (all significant) were found between survey items and total PASIPD score (Pearson’s r=0.20-0.67).
  • Low and non-significant correlations were found between activity monitor duration and PASIPD duration (Spearman’s r=0.31), and activity monitor duration and PASIPD intensity (Spearman’s r=0.28).
  • The PASIPD was found to differentiate significantly in score between groups by age, physical activity level and self-rated health status.

[Washburn et al. 2002, Van Den Berg-Emons et al. 2011]


No values were reported for the responsiveness of the PASIPD for the SCI population.

Floor/ceiling effect:

No values were reported for the presence of floor/ceiling effects in the PASIPD for the SCI


Dr. William Miller, Matthew Querée

Date Last Updated:

Mar 16, 2017

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Download Worksheet:

Worksheet Document




This scale has 13 items; items 2-13 are scored.

PASIPD score = sum of (item multiplier x average hours per day) over items 2–13

Scoring: PASIPD (Item multipliers)
1. Not scored
2. 2.5
3. 3.0
4. 4.0
5. 8.0
6. 5.5
7. 1.5
8. 4.0
9. 4.0
10. 4.0
11 4.0
12. 1.5
13. 2.5

Equipment Needed


Van den Berg-Emons RJ, L’Ortye AA, Buffart LM, Nieuwenhuijsen C, Nooijen CF, Bergen MP, Stam HJ, Bussmann JB. Validation of the Physical Activity Scale for Individuals with Physical Disabilities. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 2011; 92:923-8.

van der Ploeg HP, Streppel KR, van der Beek AJ, van der Woude LH, Vollenbroek-Hutten M, van Mechelen W. The Physical Activity Scale for Individuals with Physical Disabilities: test-retest reliability and comparison with an accelerometer. J Phys Act Health, 2007;4(1):96-100.

Washburn RA, Smith KW, Jette AM, Janney CA. The Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE): development and evaluation. J Clin Epidemiol.1993 Feb;46:153-62.

Washburn RA, Zhu W, McAuley E, Frogley M, Figoni SF. The Physical Activity Scale for Individuals With Physical Disabilities: Development and Evaluation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002; 83: 193-200.