- Assesses an individual’s ability to perform one handed reaching tasks while standing.
- Consists of 21 tasks which involve performing both gross and fine motor skills; crossing midline; and lifting and lowering light and heavy objects. Examples of tasks include: lifting light objects down from the lowest shelf; stacking checkers on the counter top at the midline; lifting heavy objects up to the top shelf.
Activity – Subcategory: Mobility.
Number of Items:
21 (6 of which are the same as in the Jebsen Test of Hand Function)
Brief Instructions for Administration & Scoring
- Tasks are done as quickly as possible and the individual is allowed to use assistive devices such as knee-ankle-foot-orthoses (KAFO) or functional neuromuscular stimulation.
- The mean time to complete the entire test (i.e. total standing time) was 15.58 + 2.99 minutes. Time required for each task ranged from 1.86 to 13.70 seconds for individuals with SCI.
- standard Jebsen Test board
- a set of shelves mounted on a counter top 36 inches high (to simulate a kitchen cabinet).
- time in minutes or seconds to complete each of the 21 tasks is recorded.
- No normative data or published data was found for the SCI population at this time.
Training is required to administer the test.
Unable to locate a copy of this measure at this time.
- The tasks simulate skills required to work in a kitchen environment but these skills are easily transferred to other environments (e.g. shopping). The tasks cover a broad range of difficulty.
- The specialized equipment may limit its usefulness in some clinical/research settings.
- Was originally developed using able-bodied individuals and has been modified for individuals with SCI. However, the only testing of the FST for SCI has been done in individuals with T3-6 injuries.
Measurement Property Summary
# of studies reporting psychometric properties: 1
- Test-retest reliability of the FST items ranges from Low to High:
- 3 items had Low reliability (ICC < 0.4)
- 9 items had Moderate reliability (ICC < 0.75)
- 12 items had High reliability (ICC > 0.75).
[Triolo et al. 1994]
- ANOVAs performed indicated significant (P<.05) differences between SCI and able-bodied populations, which suggests that FST may be sensitive to various standing impairments.
[Triolo et al. 1994]
No values were reported for the responsiveness of the FST for the SCI population.
No values were reported for the presence of floor/ceiling effects in the FST for the SCI population.
Dr. William Miller, Christie Chan, Gita Manhas
Date Last Updated:
July 20, 2020
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