- Developed to provide a sensitive global functional scale for measuring gains in individuals with tetraplegia during rehabilitation.
- Items include: wash/dry hair, turn supine to side in bed, lower extremity dressing, open carton/jar, transfer from bed to wheelchair and lock wheelchair. These items were selected from five of the functional performance categories of self-care and mobility on the QIF in order to reduce item redundancies of the original 37-item version.
Activities and Participation – Subcategory: Self-Care
Number of Items:
Brief Instructions for Administration & Scoring
- Clinician-administered; interview format.
- Scored on a 5 point scale from 0 (dependent) to 4 (independent).
- Administration time is under 5 minutes.
- Scores from the 6 items are summed and scores range from 0 to 24.
- Higher scores indicate greater independence in key ADLs.
- No cut-points or normative data for the SCI population have been established
- Published data for the SCI population is available for comparison (see the Interpretability section of the Study Details sheet).
None formally required.
See the ‘How-to use’ page of this tool.
- The QIF – Short Form is more practical to use than the original QIF as the number of items have been reduced.
- The QIF – Short Form is designed specifically for the quadriplegic SCI population.
Measurement Property Summary
# of studies reporting psychometric properties: 2
- Internal consistency is high for the total QIF-SF (Cronbach’s a=0.89)
[Marino & Goin 1999]
- High correlation with Quadriplegia Index of Function (QIF):
r = 0.987 (p=0.987)
- High correlation with ASIA Upper Extremity Motor Score (UEMS):
r = 0.824
(Marino & Goin 1999; N=95 (85 male), tetraplegia; mean age (SD): 32.1 (13.2); non-ambulatory @ 6 months)
- Moderate correlation with health state related to upper-extremity impairment of subjects:
(Snoek et al. 2005, N=47 tetraplegics (38M, 9F); mean age (SD): 42 (13); mean duration of injury (SD): 11 (9); 44% AIS A, 31% AIS B, 9% AIS C, 16% AIS D)
- There is a significant difference in QIF-SF scores across the 3 measurement times (start of rehab, 3 months after start of rehab, and discharge) for groups C3-C6 and C7-T1.
[Marino & Goin 1999, Spooren et al. 2006]
No values were reported for the presence of floor/ceiling effects in the QIF-SF for the SCI population.
Dr. Ben Mortenson, Jeff Tan, Gita Manhas
Date Last Updated:
July 22, 2020
Download the measure
The Quadriplegia Index of Function-Short Form consists of 6 items, all scored on a scale of 0-4. The clinician observes and evaluates the patient on each item.
4 = independent
3 = independent with devices
2 = supervision
1 = physical assistance
0 = dependent
Total score (summary of item scores) is reported.
Marino RJ, Goin JE. Development of a short-form Quadriplegia Index of Function scale. Spinal Cord 1999;37:289-296.
Spooren AI, Janssen-Potten YJ, Post MW, Kerckhofs E, Nene A, Seelen HA. Measuring change in arm hand skilled performance in persons with a cervical spinal cord injury: responsiveness of the Van Lieshout Test. Spinal Cord 2006; 44: 772-779.