• Timed walking test designed to measure gait performance and balance.
  • Originally developed as a clinical measure of balance in elderly individuals.
  • To date, the TUG has generally not been widely used in the SCI patient population.

Clinical Considerations

  • This test is used to discriminate balance and ambulatory function between patients and evaluate change over time in a single patient.
  • The task is very functional and incorporates mobility, balance and lower extremity leg strength.
  • The distance walked in the TUG is only 3 meters and so it is not a test of walking endurance.
  • The test is simple and fairly easy to administer, however, it is not appropriate for many individuals with SCI.
  • Some proponents have advocated for use of a mean time from 3 successive trials due to potential learning effect.

ICF Domain

Activity ▶ Mobility


  • The individual is instructed to stand up from an arm chair, walk 3 meters, return to the chair and sit down at their preferred walking speed.
  • Instructions to the patient: “When I say ‘go’ I want you to stand up and walk to the line, turn and then walk back to the chair and sit down again. Walk at your normal pace.”


  • A chair
  • A 3m walkway
  • A cone or line to demarcate 3 meter boundary
  • A stop watch.


Time for ‘Up and Go’ test:  _________sec.
Unstable on turning?  Y/N
Walking aid used?  Y/N  Type of aid: ______________

Note: the time recorded should be the time in seconds taken from the point the individual’s buttocks lifts off the seat to the time he/she sits down again.

Number of Items




Training Required

No additional training required.


Can be found here.


MCID = not established
SEM = 3.9 seconds (Lam et al. 2008)
SRD  = 10.8 seconds (Lam et al. 2008)

  • No cut-points or norms have been established for the SCI population
  • Published data is available for comparison (see Interpretability section of the Study Details sheet).


  • Intra-rater reliability is excellent (Pearson’s r = 0.979) and inter-rater reliability is excellent (Pearson’s r = 0.973).
  • Bland-Altman plot indicated that inter-rater reliability was better than intra-rater reliability and that repeatability of the test depends on patient’s walking performance.

(Van Hedel, Wirz & Dietz 2005)


  • Correlation of the Timed Up and Go test is excellent with the:
    • 10 Meter Walk Test (Spearman’s r = -0.646)
    • 6 Minute Walk Test (Spearman’s r = 0.88)
    • Berg Balance Scale (Spearman’s r = -0.815)
    • WISCI II (Spearman’s r = -0.76  –  -0.799)
    • SCI-Functional Ambulation Inventory- mobility subscale (Spearman’s r = -0.724).

(Van Hedel et al. 2005, Lemay & Nadeau 2010)


No values for the responsiveness of the TUG has been reported.

Floor/Ceiling Effect

No values were reported for the presence of floor/ceiling effects in the TUG for the SCI population.


Dr. William Miller, Christie Chan

Date Last Updated

1 February 2013

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