Measures physical, mental and social aspects of health-related functioning in 6 subscales:
1) Somatic autonomy (score: 0-17)
2) Mobility control (score: 0-12)
3) Mobility range (score: 0-11)
4) Social behavior (score: 0-12)
5) Emotional stability (score: 0-6)
6) Psychological autonomy/communication (score: 1-10)
Contains statements regarding behavior “sickness impact” and the individual is asked to respond by checking items that describe their health status.
The SIP 68 is a commonly used health status measure and it is possible to compare results with various patient populations, including those with SCI. However, the evidence on the psychometric properties of the SIP 68 for a SCI population is limited and more research is needed to assess reliability and responsiveness.
The response options (applies or does not apply to my situation) may cause deceptive figures in the SCI population because all items related to difficulties with walking will be scored negatively, causing a lower score indicating greater health-related status.
Can be administered by the interviewer or the client (self-report).
All items are scored dichotomously (no = 0, yes = 1).
Administration time is usually 15-20 minutes.
Number of Items
The items reported as “yes” are used to calculate the scores.
The questions regarding walking are not relevant to wheelchair-dependent individuals and a scoring modification is proposed in such cases – for a “yes” response to the item “I cannot walk at all”, all 7 items related to walking are scored positively.
The full SIP (136 items) has been translated into several languages so far, including Spanish.
De Bruin A, Diederiks J, De Witte L, Stevens F, Philipsen H. The Development of a Short Generic Version of the Sickness Impact Profile. J Clin Epidemiol 1994;47:407-418. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7730866
Post M, De Bruin A, De Witte L, Schrijvers A. The SIP68: A Measure of Health-Related Functional Status in rehabilitation Medicine. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1996;77:440-445. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8629919
Post M, De Witte L, Van Asbeck F, Schrijvers A. Predictors of Health Status and Life Satisfaction of People with Spinal Cord Injuries. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1998;79:395-402. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9552104
Post MW, Gerritsen J, Diederikst JP, DeWittet LP. Measuring health status of people who are wheelchair dependent: validity of the Sickness Impact Profile 68 and the Nottingham Health Profile. Disabil Rehabil 2001;23:245-253. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11336097