The Sense of Well-Being Inventory (SWBI) measures quality of life in people with SCI using four factors (financial, family and social, psychological, and physical wellbeing). The SWBI was originally developed to assess quality of life for vocational rehabilitation clients. It was later validated and refined by Chapin et al. 2004 in a population with SCI, and again by Catalano et al. 2010. The latest version has 20 items and four subscales. Older versions contain 36 or 26 items, with an additional subscale regarding medical care.


Items rated 1-4. Overall score is the mean of all item scores.

Number of Items

20 items




Can be found in original publication here.

# of studies reporting psychometric properties: 3


MCID: not established for SCI
SEM: not established for SCI

  • Mean (SD) Scores
    • Psychological Well-Being = 2.75 (0.61)
    • Financial Well-Being = 2.93 (0.70)
    • Family and Social Well-Being = 3.22 (0.60)
    • Physical Well-Being = 2.82 (0.63)


Internal consistency of the COPM is High for Psychological Well-Being (α = 0.82), Financial Well-Being (α = 0.81), Family and Social Well-Being (α = 0.85), Physical Well-Being (α = 0.81)

(Catalano et al. 2010)


  • The SWBI has a Moderate to High correlation with subscales of the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF) (r = 0.45-0.75), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) (r = 0.42-0.76), and the Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS) (r = 0.45-0.72)
  • The SWBI has a Moderate correlation with Acceptance of Disability Scale (ADS) (r = 0.37-0.59)

(Chapin et al. 2004; Catalano et al. 2010)


Not established in SCI.

Floor/Ceiling Effect

Not established in SCI.


Dr. Janice Eng, Kyle Diab, Gurmann Gill

Date Last Updated

3 August 2020

Chapin MH, Miller SM, Ferrin JM, Chan F, Rubin SE. Psychometric validation of a subjective well-being measure for people with spinal cord injuries. Disabil Rehabil. 2004;26(19):1135-42.

Catalano D, Kim J, Ditchman NM, Shin H, Lee J, Chan F. The Sense of Well-Being Inventory as a quality of life measure for people with spinal cord injury. Aust J Rehabil Couns. 2010;16(2):52-72.

deRoon-cassini TA, De st aubin E, Valvano A, Hastings J, Horn P. Psychological well-being after spinal cord injury: perception of loss and meaning making. Rehabil Psychol. 2009;54(3):306-14.