- ADAPSS primary scale assesses ‘an individual’s initial evaluation of an event or situation’. Its secondary scale assesses ‘an individual’s evaluation of their own coping resources, the possibility of these resources being adequate, and the likelihood that these resources can be employed effectively’.
- The scale consists of 6 subscales:
1) Fearful Despondency
2) Overwhelming Disbelief
3) Determined Resolve
4) Growth and Resilience
5) Negative Perceptions of Disability
6) Personal Agency.
- Appraisals are important psychosocial variables in SCI populations as they have been found to be good predictors of emotional adjustment. The ADAPSS is useful in the clinical setting to better understand the appraisals which are significant for adjustment to SCI and thus to tailor treatment programs for patients.
- The ADAPSS is a SCI-specific appraisal scale. The questions are straightforward and the scale covers a range of appraisal themes. However, the ADAPSS is still in the early stages of development: its psychometric properties have been evaluated in only one study and it has only been tested in the community-dwelling SCI population.
- A self-administered format is recommended but an interviewer or proxy could be used in the case of severe physical disability. The assessment seems easy to administer and score.
Body Function ▶ General Functions