- Developed to provide a standardized and objective evaluation of fine and gross motor hand function using simulated activities of daily living.
- Items to be performed on both the dominant and non-dominant hand.
Activity – Subcategory: Mobility.
Number of Items:
Brief Instructions for Administration & Scoring
- Clinician-administered; performance-based measure
- Weighted and non-weighted hand function is assessed through: writing; turning over 3 by 5 inch cards; picking up small common objects; simulated feeding; stacking checkers; picking up large objects; and picking up large heavy objects. Time to complete each task is recorded.
- Patients are required to perform all of the subtests with both the right and left hands, with the non-dominant hand tested first.
- Administration of this test takes approximately 45 minutes.
Equipment: (see Jebsen 1969 for details)
- Stopwatch, chair (18” seat height), desk/table (30” high), four sheets of unruled white paper, clipboard, sentences typed in all capital letters and centered on a 5x8” index card on a bookstand, 5 index cards (ruled on one side only), empty 1 pound coffee can, 2 paper clips, 2 regular sized bottle caps, 2 U.S. pennies, 5 kidney beans (~5/8” long), 1 regular teaspoon, wooden board (41 ½” long, 11 ¼” wide, ¾” thick), “C” clamp, plywood (20” long, 2” wide, ½” thick) glued to the board, 4 standard size (1 ¼” diameter) red wooden checkers, 5 No. 303 cans.
- Record the time necessary to complete each subtest (rounded the nearest second).
- Test results appear easy to interpret.
- Norms for general population according to age, sex and hand (dominant or non-dominant) are available with the instruction manual.
- Slow times reflect a less desirable performance.
- No normative or published data has been reported for the SCI population.
English and Portuguese.
Training is not required.
See the ‘How-to use’ page of this tool.
- The JHFT only assesses the speed and not the quality of performance
- The JHFT represents one of the oldest standardized tests of hand function and used individuals with SCI during its initial development.
Measurement Property Summary
# of studies reporting psychometric properties: 2
- Test-retest reliability for the items ranged from Moderate to High (ranged from r=0.60-0.99 (Pearson’s product-moment correlation)).
[Jebsen et al. 1969]
- Correlation of the Jebsen Hand Function test is High with the overall Klein-Bell Scale score (Spearman’s r=-0.635) and Klein-Bell Scale–dressing subscale (Spearman’s r=-0.69), and Moderate with Klein-Bell Scale-bathing/hygiene subscale (-0.57) and Klein-Bell Scale-Eating subscale (-0.45).
[Lynch & Bridle 1989]
No values have been reported for the responsiveness of the Jebsen Hand Function Test for the SCI population at this time.
No values were reported for the presence of floor/ceiling effects in the Jebsen Hand Function Test for the SCI population at this time.
Dr. Janice Eng, Marzena Zhou
Date Last Updated:
Mar 23, 2017
Download the measure
- Chair (18” seat height)
- Desk/table (30” high)
- 4 sheets of unruled white paper
- Sentences typed in all capital letters and centered on a 5x8” index card on a bookstand
- 5 index cards (ruled on one side only)
- Empty 1 pound coffee can
- 2 paper clips
- 2 regular sized bottle caps
- 2 U.S. pennies
- 5 kidney beans (~5/8” long)
- 1 regular teaspoon
- Wooden board (41 ½” long, 11 ¼” wide, ¾” thick)
- “C” clamp
- Plywood (20” long, 2” wide, ½” thick) glued to the board
- 4 standard size (1 ¼” diameter) red wooden checkers
- 5 No. 303 cans
Bovend Eerdt TJH, Dawes H, Johansen-Berg H, Wade DT. Evaluation of the Modified Jebsen Test of Hand Function and the University of Maryland Arm Questionnaire for Stroke. Clinical Rehabilitation 2004; 18: 195-202.
Jebsen RH, Taylor N, Trieschmann RB, Trotter MH, Howard LA. An objective and standardized test of hand function. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1969;50:311-19.
Lynch KB, Bridle MJ. Validity of the Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test in Predicting Activities of Daily Living. The Occupational Therapy Journal of Research 1989; Volume 9, Number 5: 316-18.
Spaulding SJ, McPherson HH, Strachota E, Kuphal M, Ramponi M. Jebsen Hand Function Test: Performance of the Uninvolved Hand in Hemiplegia and of Right-handed, Right and Left Hemiplegic Persons. Arch Phys Rehabil 1988;69:419-22.
Stern EB. Stability of the Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test Across Three Test Sessions. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy 1992;46:647-49.