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Self Management

Format

TIDiers #3: “What: Materials: Describe any physical or informational materials used in the intervention, including those provided to participants or used in intervention delivery or in training of intervention providers. Provide information on where the materials can be accessed (e.g., online appendix, URL).”

TIDiers #4: “What: Procedures: Describe each of the procedures, activities, and/or processes used in the intervention including any enabling or support activities.”

In reference to TIDier items #3 and #4, the included SM programs in this review used different tools, formats, and resources to implement their program. A variety of SM program formats were found, including individual sessions with healthcare providers, audio tapes, telephone, online resources, booklets, lecture/ seminar, exercise/recreation, group sessions, peer mentoring, cognitive behavioral therapy, videos, and counseling (Table 2).The most common format used was group sessions (N=34; 27.0%), followed closely by the use of booklets/handouts (N=28; 22.2%), lecture/seminars (N=24; 19.1%), online/electronic (N=20; 15.9%), and peer mentoring/support (N=20; 15.9%).

Format Type Citation # of Studies
Group Session Only 18,25-27,78,88,89,92,110,113 10
Mixed 3,12,19,20,23,24,29,43,45,49,51,57,65,66,77,80,83,85,86,95-100,111,112,115,121-124 32
Booklet/Hard Copy Resources Only 22,47,50,59,73,133 6
Mixed 3,23,24,29,35,39,43,45,51,52,56,59,61,63,65,66,72,76,81,85-87,115,122,126,129,132 27
Online/Electronic Only 14,16,32,33,44,46,48,60-62,69,117,118,125,134 15
Mixed 3,17,56,65,66,74,82,84,100,101,119,129-131 14
Individual Session w/ HCP Only 28,31,40,64,70,90,91,135 8
Mixed 23,24,30,34,35,42,45,49,53,54,59,61,63,80,81,99,111,114,128 19
Peer Mentoring/Support Only 2,67,102,104,105,108 6
Mixed 17,21,23,24,34,74-77,93,96,99,101,103,109,111,112,114,115,119,122 21
Lecture/Seminar Only 116 1
Mixed 2,19,37,38,43,45,55,68,72,74,75,77,87,95,96,98,99,122-124,130-132 23
Counselling Only 13,106,107,127 4
Mixed 12,20,36-39,41,51,52,71,74,75,82,83,94,97,109,126,128 19
Telephone Only 79 1
Mixed 3,17,21,36,41,42,59,65,66,71,75,103,120 13
Exercise/Recreation Session Only 58 1
Mixed 53-55,57,72,82-86,98,99 12
Videos Only 0
Mixed 19,41,43,56,68,76,82,119,120,130-132 12
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Only 15,29 2
Mixed 49,8292 3
Audio Tapes Only 0
Mixed 37,38,76 3
Role Playing Only 0
Mixed 19,93 2

*Only=a program used only one format; Mixed= a program used more than one format

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