Style Guide

Heading Types

Heading H1: Lorem Ipsum Dolor

H1 is used for the page title, it should never be used anywhere else on the page. Use Title Element and it automatically sets up as H1.

Heading H2: Lorem Ipsum Dolor Sit Amet Consectetur Adipiscing Elit

After the Title, headings for sections on the page will be in H2.

Heading H3: Lorem Ipsum Dolor Sit Amet Consectetur Adipiscing Elit Lorem Ipsum Dolor Sit Amet

H3 will be used occasionally, but far less often than H2. Generally it will only be used if it is a subsection of H2 content.

Heading H4: Lorem Ipsum Dolor Sit Amet Consectetur Adipiscing Elit Lorem Ipsum Dolor Sit Amet Consectetur

H4 will almost never be required. I do not think I have seen it used yet.

Heading H5: Lorem Ipsum Dolor Sit Amet Consectetur Adipiscing Elit Lorem Ipsum Dolor Sit Amet Consectetur Adipiscing Elit

H5 is an unused level of heading.

Heading H6: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipiscing elit Lorem Ipsum Dolor Sit Amet Consectetur Adipiscing ElitLorem Ipsum Dolor Sit Amet Consectetur Adipiscing Elit

H6 has been created to be used for captions and for citations of chapter/module authors if this appears at the beginning of a module.

List Style(H3):
  1. Nulla viverra iaculis lacus, non sodales mauris pulvinar sit amet.
  2. Etiam finibus tempor lacus, eu efficitur urna sollicitudin ac.
  3. Suspendisse rhoncus magna justo, eget tempor est dapibus sed.
  • Nulla quis nisi vel orci sollicitudin ullamcorper a vel neque.
  • Morbi egestas hendrerit mauris, ut ornare massa mollis id.
  • Phasellus non molestie nisi. Ut ut elementum sem. Sed vel ullamcorper nunc.


  • The first word is always capitalized
  • Any word more than 3 letters in length is capitalized. Thus words like “After”, “During”, and “With” are capitalized in titles.
  • Any principal word is capitalized regardless of length.
  • Do not capitalize articles, prepositions, coordinating conjunctions (and, but, for, or, nor)
  • Use the acronym “SCI” instead of writing out “Spinal Cord Injury”
  • Use the acronym “vs” instead of “Versus”?
  • For each module-specific term, use the full term in the highest level of appearance and then, if applicable, use the contraction in subpages (or omit if not needed). Thus the menu item will be Autonomic Dysreflexia, and subsequent pages can have titles using the term AD.
  • If shortening “and”, use “&” (not “+” which is used for mathematical/scientific notation).
  • Never use any formatting in titles. No bold, italics, underline.

Tables and Figures

  • Only use a period as punctuation after the table/figure number.
    • Figure 12. The Effect of Bacolfen on Fatigue


  • If the first element is merely a prefix or combining form that could not stand by itself as a word (anti, pre, etc.), do not capitalize the second element unless it is a proper noun or proper adjective.
  • Capitalize the second element in a hyphenated spelled-out number (twenty-one or twenty-first, etc.) or hyphenated simple fractions (two-thirds in two-thirds majority).
  • If the word functions as a preposition, there is no hyphen. So, the word post acts as the word after. You could have a post-ingestion problem, or you could have a problem post ingestion.


  • Wheelchair Tune-Up Post SCI
  • Post-SCI Wheelchair Tune-Up
  • Digestion of Carbohydrates After SCI
  • Wrist and Hand Function: What Does the Data Show
  • Anti-spasmotics for Use in Autonomic Dysreflexia

In Text Citation

These are examples of the references style in various forms depending on number of authors and whether inside or outside brackets.

  • Note that “et al.” always has a period whether inside or outside brackets.
  • Consecutive references are separated by a semicolon.
  • When listing references, e.g. “from one prospective controlled trial: Banovac…”, use a colon after “trial” as you are listing items.
  • Brackets, semicolons and any other punctuation used to separate references are not part of hyperlinks.
  • If Authors are included in the sentence proper (e.g. Smith (2002) indicates that the exercise response…) then the hyperlink is TBA.


It is known from animal studies that autonomic instability following SCI results from plastic changes occurring within the spinal and peripheral autonomic circuits in both the acute and chronic stages following injury (Mathias & Frankel 1988Teasell et al. 2000; Krassioukov 2006). There is Level 2 evidence (from one prospective controlled trial: Banovac et al. 1997) that Etidronate is not effective once radiographs are positive for HO.

  • Smith (2002) indicates that the exercise response…
  • Smith and Wesson’s (2002) pioneering treatise on pencils…
  • Smith et al. (2002) state that things are objects.


Short Quotes

  • Use quotation marks around the quoted text. No additional formatting is needed. Do not italicize quotes.
  • Do not include punctuation that is not part of the quote within the quotes.

Long Quotes

  • Use a block quote for long quotes. Long means greater than 40 words.
  • Do not put quotes before and after block quotes.
  • The ribbon above the Text Box Element content window has a double apostrophe icon -“- that you use for this.

This is an example of a block quote. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat. Duis aute irure dolor in reprehenderit in voluptate velit esse cillum dolore eu fugiat nulla pariatur. Excepteur sint occaecat cupidatat non proident, sunt in culpa qui officia deserunt mollit anim id est laborum.

More Details

Quotes are not used for emphasis (like italic, bold, or underline).

Use single quotation marks to enclose quotes within another quotation.
Example: The reporter told me, “When I interviewed the quarterback, he said they simply ‘played a better game.'”

Do not use quotation marks for words used as words themselves. In this case, you should use italics.
Example: The English word nuance comes from a Middle French word meaning “shades of color.”

When to use quotes vs italics:



  • Byline: names of authors/clinical reviewers, last updated date
  • Image captions
  • Scientific names
  • Words in foreign languages not assimilated into English (déjà vu versus croissant)
  • The first mention of a key term, technical term, or drug name to be defined within a topic page
    • If the term appears in the introductory blurb (before key points), wait until the first appearance in the body text to define/italicize the term
    • Do not italicize drug names that are only mentioned once in the topic page. For example:
      1. The first appearance of baclofen in the text is italicized. Subsequent appearances are not italicized. The brand name (Lioresal) is not italicized since like most cases, it will not be used again as baclofen is the preferred term and Lioresal is only appended to the generic name (baclofen) at first introduction to give extra info to the reader.
      2. If you list off a slew of drugs, but they are never anything more than that, do not italicize them.

For more information on naming drugs, refer to Drug Names.

Other less common uses:

  • Letters of the alphabet when you’re referring to them as letters
  • Titles of works, including books, plays, short stories, very long poems, newspapers, and magazines; titles of movies and radio and television series; names of operas and long musical compositions; names of paintings and sculptures; legal citations


Bold strongly stands out from regular text and is often used to highlight keywords important to the text’s content and allowing such words to be visually scanned with ease. It should be used only in select occasions where it is necessary to stress a word.


Use bold or italic instead.

Drug names

Refer to pharmaceutical drugs using the Recommended International Nonproprietary Name (generic name), rather than the brand name. This system helps avoid confusion where common names for drugs differ around the world. For example, acetaminophen is commonly used in the USA, but it is more commonly known as paracetamol in the UK. Generic names of drugs, which should be used wherever possible in preference to brand names, are lowercased. Brand names must be capitalized. They are often enclosed in parentheses after the first use of the generic name (e.g., The patient takes weekly injections of interferon beta-1a (Avonex) to control his multiple sclerosis.). You can also reverse this and primarily use the brand name, identifying the generic at first mention in parentheses. Save this for when the brand name itself might be more important to the text, when the brand name is really well-known, or when the generic name might be very long and it is shorter to use the brand name.

Although the symbols ® and ™ often accompany trademark names on product packaging and in promotional material, there is no legal requirement to use these symbols, and they should be omitted wherever possible.

Street drug names are not used throughout the text, but can be included following the first mention of its more scientifically appropriate term (e.g., Marijuana, also known as “pot” or “weed”…). Recall that these terms are in quotation marks upon first appearance.

For more information on formatting drug names (italic), refer to Emphasis.


Aspect Ratio and Dimensions

Avada Theme Information:

A 1:1 ratio (square image) is used for thumbnails in many sections. See SCIRE Newsletter and SCIRE Team for example.
The standard image size in this case is 1080 x 1080 pixels (px)

File Naming

Confirm that the file has been named appropriately before uploading to the website media folder. For example a headshot of Janice Eng could be named: “Janice Eng” instead of “98238947134597”. This will increase searchability and raise the website profile in searches.


Insert caption content in the space for Title. This will allow you to select H6 heading type, the designated heading for captions.

Reference Style

Note the spacing and punctuation.

Barstow TJ, Scremin AM, Mutton DL, Kunkel CF, Cagle TG, Whipp BJ. Peak and kinetic cardiorespiratory responses during arm and leg exercise in patients with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2000; 38: 340-5.













Title text uses Lato Regular font size 16. The first letter of each word longer than 4 letters should be capitalized.

Label text uses Lato Regular font size 9 or 11. The first letter of the label should be capitalized.

  • For emphasis, highlight words with a bold font type, do not use italics or underline.

  • For image captions, follow the style guidelines of the article/module.


  • Images should be inserted with no text wrap if possible, especially for more complex, large images.
  • Avoid covering any important components of the illustration with labels.
  • Save as both a high-quality PNG for uploading into articles/modules, and as an SVG file for future modification.
  • The width of the image should be 15 cm. Padding on all sides of the images should be 1 cm.










Toggles for Tables

Table Style

Column 1
Column 2
Column 3
Column 1 Value Column 2 Value Column 3 Value
Column 1 Value 2 Column 2 Value 2 Column 3 Value 2
Column 1 Value 3 Column 2 Value 3 Column 3 Value 3
Column 1 Value 4 Column 2 Value 4 Column 3 Value 4

FAQ Style