- Screening tool for identifying, differentiating and assessing depression, anxiety, and stress in patients with SCI.
- These three negative emotional states: 1) Depression, 2) Anxiety and 3) Stress, represent the test’s 3 subscales.
- Excludes many somatic items that may not be relevant to those with SCI and the instrument has greater sensitivity for identifying SCI patients with possible anxiety disorders (Mitchell et al. 2007). The ability to separately measure the three emotional states may be of considerable use for researchers and clinicians. This is an advantage given that measures of anxiety and depression often do not distinguish between these conditions and anxiety is likely more prevalent than depression.
- Two studies have assessed the psychometric properties of the instrument among patients with SCI. Sensitivity of the tool is better for anxiety than depression.
- Comparison of the DASS-21 to clinical judgment showed that the measure has clinical utility (Mitchell et al. 2007).
Body Function ▶ Mental Functions