Total Sample Size
Patil et al.,
Review of published articles between September 2009-September 2014
|Method: Comprehensive literature search of full-length, peer reviewed studies of patients with complete or incomplete cervical SCI, investigating functional electrical stimulation (FES) (possibly comparing to other conventional therapies) in adult and human studies.
Databases: EMBASE, PsycInfo, PubMed and Food, Science and Technology abstracts.
Level of evidence: Jovell and Navarro-Rubio classification: Good (I-II): Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), Large-sample RCTs; Good-to-fair (III-V): Small-sample RCTS, non-randomized controlled prospective trials, non-randomized controlled retrospective trials; Fair (VI-VII): cohort studies, case-control studies; Poor (VIII-IX): non-controlled clinical series; descriptive studies, anecdotes or case reports.
Examine the evidence for FES on motor control and functional ability of the upper limb in spinal cord injured people.
|1. Two studies were scored a III, one study scored a VI, and two studies scored VIII.
2. In total, there were 10 different outcome measures between the five included studies assessing functional outcomes and motor control.
3. All 5 studies reported improvement, both immediate and follow-up, in motor control and functional ability of upper extremity as result of FES or FES with conventional therapy.