Table 1. Incidence of DVT Post SCI

Author/Year Treatment (n size) % of DVTs Test
Hon et al., (2019) (n=189) 16.4% Duplex scan
Morita et al., (2018) (n=75) 35.7% Doppler Ultrasonography
Passias et al., (2018) (n=488,262) 32-36%
Eichinger et al., (2018) Prophylactic anticoagulant therapy (n=185) 4% D-dimer
Clements et al., (2017) (n=222) 21%
Marion et al., (2017) (n=444) 1.6%
Mackiewicz et al., (2016) (n=63) 7.9% D-dimer and venous duplex scans
Piran et al., (2016) (n=151) 11%
Dietch et al., (2015) (n=8,238) 3.5-4.4% Ultrasonography
Masuda et al., (2015) (n=268) 10.4% Ultrasonography
Halim et al., (2014) LMWH + compression stockings or LMWH only (n=37) LMWH only=5.4% LMWH + compression stockings=21.6% Doppler Venous Ultrasonography
Giorgi Pierfranceschi et al., (2013) LMWH and compression stockings


23% Compression Ultrasound or lower limb colour Doppler ultrasonography, perfusion lung scintigraphy (Q scan)

matched with chest X-ray, or computed tomography pulmonary angiography

 Germing et al., (2010) (n=139) 45% Serial color duplex sonography
Sugimoto et al., (2009) (n=45) 21% Doppler Ultrasonography
Colachis & Clinchot (1993) Prophylaxis Treatment


14% Contrast venography


Gunduz et al., (1993) Low-dose Heparin


53% Venography
Kulkarni et al., (1992) Low-dose unfractionated heparin


Merli et al., (1988) Untreated


47% I125 fibrinogen scan

Impedance Plethysmography


Myllynen et al., (1985) Anticoagulant therapy (n=37) 100% I125 fibrinogen scan Venography
Green et al., (1982) External pneumatic calf compression (ENCP) or ENCP + aspirin + dipyrid


78% untreated

33% treated

Platelet aggregation studies
Rossi et al., (1980) N/A


72% I125 fibrinogen scan