Table 1: Current ISCIP Classification for Pain (Bryce et al. 2012)

Tier 1: Pain type

Tier 2: Pain subtype

Tier 3: Primary pain source and/or pathology

Nociceptive

Musculoskeletal

e.g. glenohumeral arthritis, lateral epicondylitis, comminuted femur fracture, quadratus lumborum muscle spasm.

Visceral

e.g. myocardial infarction, abdominal pain due to bowel impaction, cholecystitis.

Other nociceptive pain e.g. autonomic dysreflexia headache, migraine headache, surgical skin incision.

Neuropathic

At Level SCI pain

e.g. spinal cord compression, nerve root compression, cauda equine compression

Below level pain

e.g. spinal cord ischemia, spinal cord compression

Other neuropathic pain e.g. carpal tunnel syndrome, trigeminal neuralgia, diabetic polyneuropathy.
Other pain

e.g. fibromyalgia, Complex Regional Pain Syndrome type I, interstitial cystitis, irritable bowel syndrome

Unknown pain
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