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Self Management

Literature Search Strategy

A comprehensive literature search was performed using five scholarly databases: CINAHL, PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO. The search terms used were related to two constructs: SM and SCI. The literature search included articles published between 1990 and 2020 in English language. Any duplicates were removed. Title and abstract screening and full-text review were conducted by two independent reviewers to assess the relevance of each article, using the following inclusion criteria: (a) detailed an intervention in a primarily SCI population (>50%) and b) described a program plan relevant to SM. Given that self-management is a nebulous concept with several existing definitions, we aimed to examine self-management from multiple dimensions. Not all authors may have described or reported their program as being SM per se; however, if the intervention and outcomes included elements of SM (as described by the Lorig and Holman’s Taxonomy,9 Barlow’s taxonomy,8 and Practical Reviews in Self-Management Support (PRISMS). 10) the article was included. Studies were excluded if they were (a) not an intervention applied to a study population, (b) not applicable to SCI or an intervention not for SCI populations, (c) conference abstracts with related texts already included, (d) interventions with fewer than three participants, and (e) interventions not relevant to SM.

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