In this approach, partial body weight support is provided by a harness suspended from the ceiling or a frame while limb stepping movements are assisted by a moving treadmill belt. See figure 1 for a picture of a weight-assisted treadmill.
Q7. What evidence is there for BWSTT in Acute/Subacute SCI?
Figure 2. P-values indicating no statistical significance between treatment group (BWSTT) versus control (over ground practice) at 6 months. Note: B = AIS B; C = AIS C; D = AIS D; UMN = Upper motor neuron; LMN = Lower Motor Neuron; UMN and LMN B, C were tested using Functional Independence Measure locomotor; UMN and LMN C, D were tested for walking speed. Source: Dobkin B, Apple D, Barbeau H, Basso M, Behrman A, Deforge D, Ditunno J, Dudley G, Elashoff R, Fugate L, Harkema S, Saulino M, and Scott M. Weight-supported treadmill vs over-ground training for walking after acute incomplete SCI. Neurology 2006;66: 484-493.
Figure 3. Effect of Body Weight Support Assisted training on walking speed in chronic motor incomplete SCI individuals. Source: Field-Fote EC, Lindley SD, and Sherman AL. Locomotor training approaches for individuals with spinal cord injury: a preliminary report of walking-related outcomes. J Neurol Phys Ther 2005;29: 127-137.