AA

References

Download as a PDF

Ackery A, Tator C, Krassioukov. A global perspective on spinal cord injury epidemiology. J Neurotrauma                  2004;21:1355-1370.

Alexander CJ, Sipski ML, Findley TW. Sexual activities, desire, and satisfaction in males pre- and post-spinal cord          injury. Arch Sex Behav 1993;22:217-228.

Alexander MS, Rosen RC, Steinberg S, Symonds T, Haughie S, Hultling C. Sildenafil in women with sexual arousal          disorder following spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2011;49:273-279.

American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. ACOG committee opinion. Obstetric management of patients with         spinal cord injuries. Number 275, September 2002. Committee on Obstetric Practice. American College of         Obstetrics and Gynecology. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2002;79:189-191.

Anderson D, Borisoff JF, Johnson RD, Stiens SA, Elliott SL. Spinal cord injury influences psychogenig as well as         physical components of female sexual ability. Spinal Cord 2007; 349-359.

Anderson KD. Targeting recovery: Priorities of the spinal cord-injured population. J Neurotrauma 2004;21:1371-1383.

Arafa MM, Zohdy WA, Shamloul R. Prostatic massage: a simple method of semen retrieval in men with spinal cord          injury. Int J Androl 2007;30:179-173.

Axel SJ. Spinal cord injured women’s concerns: Menstruation and pregnancy. Rehabil Nurs 1982;7:10-15.

Baker ER, Cardenas DD, Benedetti TJ. Risks associated with pregnancy in spinal cord-injured women. Obstet         Gynecol 1992;80:425-428.

Baker ER, Cardenas DD. Pregnancy in spinal cord injured women. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1996;77:501-507.

Benevento BT, Sipski ML. Neurogenic bladder, neurogenic bowel, and sexual dysfunction in people with spinal cord          injury. Phys Ther 2002;82:601-612.

Beretta G, Chelo E, Zanollo A. Reproductive aspects in spinal cord injured males. Paraplegia 1989;27:113-118.

Beretta G, Saltarelli O, Marzotto M, Zanollo A, Re B. Transcutaneous minoxidil in the treatment of erectile         dysfunctions in spinal cord injured men. Acta Eur Fertil 1993;24:27-30.

Beretta G, Zanollo A, Fanciullacci F, Catanzaro F. Intracavernous injection of papaverine in paraplegic males. Acta          Eur Fertil 1986;17:283-284.

Biering-Sørensen F,Sonksen J. Sexual function in spinal cord lesioned men. Spinal Cord 2001;39:455- 70.

Biering-Sørensen I, Hansen RB, Biering-Sørensen F. Sexual function in a traumatic spinal cord injured population          10-45 years after injury. J Rehabil Med. 2012;44:926-31.

Black K, Sipski ML, Strauss SS. Sexual satisfaction and sexual drive in spinal cord injured women. J Spinal Cord         Med 1998;21:240-244.

Blok BF, Holstege G. The central control of micturition and continence: Implications for urology. BJU Int 1999;83          Suppl 2:1-6.

Bodner DR, Haas CA, Krueger B, Seftel AD. Intraurethral alprostadil for treatment of erectile dysfunction in         patients with spinal cord injury. Urology 1999;53:199-202.

Bodner DR, Leffler B, Frost F. The role of intracavernous injection of vasoactive medications for the restoration         of erection in spinal cord injured males: a three year follow up. Paraplegia 1992;30:118-120.

Booth S, Kendall M, Fronek P, Miller D, Geraghty T. Training the interdisciplinary team in sexuality rehabilitation         following spinal cord injury: a needs assessment. Sex Disabil 2003;21:249-261.

Borisoff JF, Elliott SL, Hocaloski S, Birch GE. The Development of a Sensory Substitution System for the Sexual         Rehabilitation of Men with Chronic Spinal Cord Injury. J Sex Med 2010;7:3647-3658.

Brackett NL, Abae M, Padron OF, Lynne CM. Andrology – Treatment by assisted conception of severe male factor          infertility due to spinal cord injury or other neurologic impairment. J Assist Reprod Genetic 1995;12:210-216.

Brackett NL, Cohen DR, Ibrahim E, Aballa TC, Lynne CM. Neutralization of cytokine activity at the receptor level         improves sperm motility in men with spinal cord injuries. J Androl 2007a;28:717-721.

Brackett NL, Davi RC, Padron OF, Lynne CM. Seminal plasma of spinal cord injured men inhibits sperm motility of          normal men. J Urol 1996;155:1632-1635.

Brackett NL, Ead DN, Aballa TC, Ferrell SM, Lynne CM. Semen retrieval in men with spinal cord injury is improved by          interrupting current delivery during electroejaculation. J Urol 2002;167:201-203.

Brackett NL, Ibrahim E. Fertility after spinal cord injury. In Field-Fote EC. editors. Spinal Cord Injury                  Rehabilitation. Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company; 2009. p. 531-547.

Brackett NL, Ibrahim E, Grotas JA, Aballa TC, Lynne CM. Higher sperm DNA damage in semen from men with spinal         cord injuries compared with controls. J Androl 2008; 29: 93-9.

Brackett NL, Kafetsoulis A, Ibrahim E, Aballa TC, Lynne CM. Application of 2 vibrators salvages ejaculatory         failures to 1 vibrator during penile vibratory stimulation in men with spinal cord injuries. J Urol         2007b;177:660-663.

Brackett NL, Lynne CM, Aballa TC, Ferrell SM. Sperm motility from the vas deferens of spinal cord injured men is          higher than from the ejaculate. J Urol 2000;164:712-715.

Brackett NL, Padron OF, Lynne CM. Semen quality of spinal cord injured men is better when obtained by vibratory          stimulation versus electroejaculation. J Urol 1997a;157:151-157.

Brackett NL, Santa-Cruz C, Lynne CM. Sperm from spinal cord injured men lose motility faster than sperm from         normal men: the effect is exacerbated at body compared to room temperature. J Urol 1997b;157:2150-2153.

Brindley GS, Polkey CE, Rushton DN. Sacral anterior root stimulators for bladder control in paraplegia. Paraplegia          1982;20:365-381.

Brindley GS, Sauerwein D, Hendry WF. Hypogastric plexus stimulators for obtaining semen from paraplegic men. Br         J Urol 1989;64:72-77.

Brindley GS. Electroejaculation: its technique, neurological implications and uses. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatr         1981;44:9-18.

Brindley GS. The fertility of men with spinal injuries. Paraplegia 1984;22:337-348.

Brinsden PR, Avery SM, Marcus S, Macnamee MC. Transrectal electroejaculation combined with in-vitro fertilization:          effective treatment of anejaculatory infertility due to spinal cord injury. Hum Reprod 1997;12:2687-2692.

Brison D, Seftel A, Sadeghi-Nejad H. The resurgence of the vacuum erection device (VED) for treatment of erectile          dysfunction. J Sex Med 2013; 10:1124-1135.

Buch JP, Zorn BH. Evaluation and treatment of infertility in spinal cord injured men through rectal probe                  electroejaculation. J Urol 1993;149:1350-1354.

Burch A.  Health Care Providers’ Knowledge, Attitudes, and Self-efficacy for Working with Patients with Spinal Cord          Injury who have Diverse Sexual Orientations. Physical Therapy 2008;88:191-198.

Butler P. Progress newsletter 2003; 64, World Health Organization, Geneva.

Cardenas DD, Ditunno J, Graziani V, Lammertse D, Potter P, Sipski M, Cohen R, Blight AR. Phase 2 trial of                  sustained-release fampridine in chronic spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2007;45:158-168.

Caremel R, Courtois F, Charvier K, Ruffion A, Journel NM. Side effects of intradetrusor botulinum toxin injections          on ejaculation and fertility in men with spinal cord injury: preliminary findings. BJU Int. 2011;109:1698-1702

Cardoso FL, Savall AC, Mendes AK. Self-awareness of the male sexual response after spinal cord injury. Int J         Rehabil Res. 2009;32:294-300

Chancellor MB, Rivas DA, Panzer DE, Freedman MK, Staas WE,Jr. Prospective comparison of topical minoxidil to         vacuum constriction device and intracorporeal papaverine injection in treatment of erectile dysfunction due to         spinal cord injury. Urology 1994;43:365-369.

Chapelle PA, Blanquart F, Puech AJ, Held JP. Treatment of anejaculation in the total paraplegic by subcutaneous          injection of Physostigmine. Paraplegia 1983;21:30-36.

Chapelle PA, Roby-Brami A, Yakovleff A, Bussel B. Neurological correlations of ejaculation and testicular size in         men with a complete spinal cord section. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1988;51:197-202.

Charlifue SW, Gerhart KA, Menter RR, Whiteneck GG, Manley MS. Sexual issues of women with spinal cord injuries.          Paraplegia 1992;30:192-199.

Chéhensse C, Bahrami S, Denys P, Clément P, Bernabé J, Giuliano F. The spinal control of ejaculation revisited: a         systematic review and meta-analysis of anejaculation in spinal cord injured patients. Human Reproduction         Update 2013;19:507-526.

Chen D, Hartwig DM, Roth EJ. Comparison of sperm quantity and quality in antegrade v retrograde ejaculates         obtained by vibratory penile stimulation in males with spinal cord injury. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 1999;78:46-51.

Chung PH, Verkauf BS, Mola R, Skinner L, Eichberg RD, Maroulis GB. Correlation between semen parameters of          electroejaculates and achieving pregnancy by intrauterine insemination. Fertil Steril 1997;67:129-132.

Claydon VE, Elliott SL, Sheel AW, Krassioukpv A. Cardiovascular responses to vibrostimulation for sperm retrieval          in men with spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med 2006;29:207-216.

Cohen DR, Basu S, Randall JM, Aballa TC, Lynne CM, Brackett, NL. Sperm motility in men with spinal cord injuries is          enhanced by inactivating cytokines in the seminal plasma. J Androl 2004; 25:922-925.

Cole TM, Stevens MR. Rehabilitation Professionals and Sexual Counseling for Spinal Cord Injured Adults. Archives of          Sexual Behavior 1975;4:631-638.

Collins KP, Hackler RH. Complications of penile prostheses in the spinal cord injury population. J Urol                  1988;140:984-985.

Comarr AE. Observations on menstruation and pregnancy among female spinal cord injury patients. Paraplegia                  1966;3:263-272.

Conine TA, Disher CS, Gilmore SL, Fischer BAP. Physical Therapists’ Knowledge of Sexuality of Adults with Spinal          Cord Injury. American Physical Therapy Association 1979;59:395-398.

Consortium for Spinal Cord Medicine. Sexuality and reproductive health in adults with spinal cord injury: a         clinical practice guideline for health-care professionals. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine 2010; 33: 286-333.

Costa P, Sarrazin B, Bressolle F, Mottet N, Louis JF, Saudubray F, Navratil H. Is the volume injected a parameter         likely to influence the erectile response observed after intracavernous administration of an alpha-blocking         agent. Eur Urol;24:43-47.

Courtois F, Charvier K, Vézina J, Journel NM, Carrier S, Jacquemin G, Côté. Assessing and conceptualizing orgasm          after a spinal cord injury. BJU International 2011:1624-1633.

Courtois F, Geoffrion R, Landry E, Bélanger M. H-reflex and physiologic measures of ejaculation in men with spinal          cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2004;85:910-918.

Courtois F, Rodrigue X, Côté I, Boulet M, Vézina J-G, Charvier K, Dahan V. Sexual function and autonomic                  dysreflexia in men with spinal cord injuries: how should we treat? Spinal Cord 2012; 50:869-877.

Courtois FJ, Charvier KF, Leriche A, Raymond DP. Sexual function in spinal cord injury men. I. Assessing sexual         capability. Paraplegia 1993;31:771-784.

Courtois FJ, Mathieu C, Charvier KF, Leduc B, Bélanger M. Sexual rehabilitation for men with spinal cord injury:         preliminary report on a behavioral strategy. Sex Disabil 2001;19:149-157.

Cowley KC. Psychogenic and pharmacologic induction of the let-down reflex can facilitate breastfeeding by                  tetraplegic women: A report of 3 cases. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2005; 86:1261-1264.

Cross LL, Meythaler JM, Tuel SM, Cross AL. Pregnancy following spinal cord injury. West J Med 1991;154:607-611.

Cross LL, Meythaler JM, Tuel SM, Cross LA. Pregnancy, labor and delivery post spinal cord injury. Paraplegia         1992;30:890-902.

Dahlberg A, Ruutu M, Hovatta O. Pregnancy results from a vibrator application, electroejaculation, and a vas         aspiration programme in spinal-cord injured men. Hum Reprod 1995;10:2305-2307.

Dannels A, Charlifue S. The perimenopause experience for women with spinal cord injuries. SCI Nurs 2004;21:9-13.

Das S, Dodd S, Soni BM, Sharma SD, Gazvani R, Lewis-Jones DI. Does repeated electro-ejaculation improve sperm         quality in spinal cord injured men? Spinal Cord 2006;44:753-756.

Deforge D, Blackmer J, Garritty C, Yazdi F, Cronin V, Barrowman N, et al. Fertility following spinal cord injury: A         systematic review. Spinal Cord 2005;43:693-703.

Deforge D, Blackmer J, Garritty C, Yazdi F, Cronin V, Barrowman N, et al. Male erectile dysfunction following         spinal cord injury: a systematic review. Spinal Cord 2006;44:465-473.

Deforge D, Blackmer J, Moher D, Garritty C, Cronin V, Yazdi F, et al. Sexuality and reproductive health following         spinal cord injury. Evid Rep Technol Assess (Summ) 2004a;109:1-8.

Deforge D, Blackmer J, Moher D, Garritty C, Cronin V, Yazdi F, et al. Sexuality and Reproductive Health Following         Spinal Cord Injury. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment No. 109 (Prepared by the University of Ottawa         Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-02-0021). AHRQ Publication No. 05-E003-2. Rockville,         MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. November 2004b.

Del Popolo G, Li Marzi V, Mondaini N, Lombardi G. Time/duration effectiveness of sildenafil versus tadalafil in the         treatment of erectile dysfunction in male spinal cord-injured patients. Spinal Cord 2004;42:643-648.

Denil J, Ohl DA, Smythe C. Vacuum erection device in spinal cord injured men: Patient and partner satisfaction.         Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1996;77:750-753.

Denys P,Mane M, Azouvi P, Chartier-Kaster E, Thiebault J-B,Bussel B. Side effects of chronic baclofen on erection         and ejaculation in patients with spinal cord lesions. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1998;79;494-496.

Derry F, Hultling C, Seftel AD, Sipski ML. Efficacy and safety of sildenafil citrate (Viagra) in men with erectile         dysfunction and spinal cord injury: a reviews. Urology 2002;60:49-57.

Derry FA, Dinsmore WW, Fraser M, Gardner BP, Glass CA, Maytom MC, et al. Efficacy and safety of oral sildenafil         (viagra) in men with erectile dysfunction caused by spinal cord injury. Neurology 1998;51:1629-1633.

Dietzen CJ, Lloyd LK. Complications of intracavernous injections and penile prostheses in spinal cord injured men.         Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1992;73:652-655.

Dunn M. Sexual Questions and Comments on a Spinal Cord Injury Service. Sexuality and Disability 1983;6:126-134.

Earle CM, Keogh EJ, Ker JK, Cherry DJ, Tolloch AGS, Lord DJ. The role of intracavernosal vasoactive agents to         overcome impotence due to spinal cord injury. Paraplegia 1992;30:273-276.

Ekland M, Lawrie B. How a woman’s sexual adjustment after sustaining a spinal cord injury impacts sexual health         interventions. SCI Nurs 2004;21:14-19.

Elliott S, Krassioukov A. Malignant autonomic dysreflexia in spinal cord injured men. Spinal Cord 2006;44:386-392.

Elliott S. Spinal Cord Medicine: Principles and Practice. In: Lin V, editor. Sexual Dysfunction and Infertility in Men with         Spinal Cord Disorders. NY: Demos Medical Publishing; 2003. p. 349-365.

Elliott S. Ejaculation and orgasm: sexuality in men with SCI.Top Spinal Cord Inj Rehabil 2002;8:1-15.

Elliott SP, Orejuela F, Hirsch IH, Lipshultz LI, Lamb DJ, Kim ED. Testis biopsy findings in the spinal cord injured         patient. J Urol 2000;163:792-795.

Engin-Üstün Y, Korkmaz C, Duru NK, Başer İ. Comparison of three sperm retrieval techniques in spinal-injured men:         pregnancy outcome. Gynecol Endocrinol 2006;22:252-255.

Ergin S, Gunduz B, Ugurlu H, Sivrioglu K, Oncel S, Gok H, Erhan B, Levendoglu F, Senocak O. A placebo-controlled,         multicenter, randomized, double-blind, flexible-dose, two-way crossover study to evaluate the efficacy and         safety of sildenafil in men with traumatic spinal cord injury and erectile dysfunction. J Spinal Cord Med.         2008;31:522-31.

Ferreiro-Velasco ME, Barca-Buyo A, de la Barrera SS, Montoto-Marques A, Vazquez XM, Rodriguez-Sotillo A. Sexual         issues in a sample of women with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2005;43:51-55.

Fisher TL, Laud PW, Byfield MG, Brown TT, Hayat MJ, Fiedler IG. Sexual health after spinal cord injury: A         longitudinal study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002;83:1043-1051.

Forsythe E, Horsewell JE. Sexual rehabilitation of women with a spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2006;44:234-241.

Fronek P, Booth S, Kendall M, Miller D, Geraghty T. The Effectiveness of a Sexuality Training Program for the         Interdisciplinary Spinal Cord Injury. Sexuality and Disability 2005;23:51-63.

Fronek P, Kendall M, Booth S, Eugarde E, Geraghty T. A Longitudinal Study of Sexuality Training for the         Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation Team. Sex Disabil 2011;29:87-100.

Gans WH, Zaslau S, Wheeler S, Giuseppe G, Vapnek JM. Efficacy and safety of oral sildenafil in men with erectile         dysfunction and spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med 2001;24:35-40.

García-Bravo AM, Suárez-Hernández D, Ruiz-Fernández MA, Silva González O, Bárbara-Bataller E, Méndez Suárez         JL. Determination of changes in blood pressure during administration of sildenafil (Viagra ®) in patients with         spinal cord injury and erectile dysfunction. Spinal Cord 2006;44:301-308.

Ghidini A, Simonson MR. Pregnancy After Spinal Cord Injury: A Review of the Literature. The Spinal Cord Injry         Rehabil 2011;16:93-103.

Giuliano F, Hultling C, El Masry WS, Smith MD, Osterloh IH, Orr M, et al. Randomized trial of sildenafil for the         treatment of erectile dysfunction in spinal cord injury. Sildenafil Study Group. Ann Neurol 1999;46:15-21.

Giuliano F, Rubio-Aurioles E, Kennelly M, Montorsi F, Kim ED, Finkbeiner AE, et al. Efficacy and safety of         vardenafil in men with erectile dysfunction caused by spinal cord injury. Neurology 2006;66:210-216.

Giuliano F, Rubio-Aurioles E, Kennelly M, Montorsi F, Kim ED, Finkbeiner AE, Pommerville PJ, Colopy MW, Wachs BH,         Vardenafil Study Group. Vardenafil improves ejaculation success rates and self-confidence in men with erectile         dysfunction due to spinal cord injury. Spine 2008;33:709-715.

Giuliano F, Sanchez-Ramos A, Löchner-Ernst D, Del Popolo G, Cruz N, Leriche A, et al. Efficacy and safety of         tadalafil in men with erectile dysfunction following spinal cord injury. Arch Neurol. 2007;64:1584-1592.

Giulini S, Pesce F, Madgar I, Marsella T, Volpe A, de Aloysio D, et al. Influence of multiple transrectal         electroejaculations on semen parameters and intracytoplasmic sperm injection outcome. Fertil Steril         2004;82:200-204.

Green BG, Sloan SL. Penile prostheses in spinal cord injured patients: combined psychosexual counselling and         surgical regimen. Paraplegia 1986;24:167-172.

Gross AJ, Sauerwein DH, Kutzenberger J, Ringert R-H. Penile prostheses in paraplegic men. Brit J Urol         1996;78:262-264.

Halstead LS, VerVoort S, Seager SW. Rectal probe electrostimulation in the treatment of anejaculatory spinal cord         injured men. Paraplegia 1987;25:120-129.

Hamid R, Patki P, Bywater H, Shah PJR, Craggs MD. Effects of repeated ejaculations on semen characteristics         following spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2006;44:369-373.

Heller L, Keren O, Aloni R, Davidoff G. An open trial of vacuum penile tumescence: constriction therapy for         neurological impotence. Paraplegia 1992;30:550-553.

Herson L, Hart KA, Gordon MJ, Rintala DH. Identifying and overcoming barriers to providing sexuality information in         the clinical rehabilitation setting. Rehabil Nurs 1999;24:148-151.

Heruti RJ, Katz H, Menashe Y, Weissenberg R, Raviv G, Madjar I, et al. Treatment of male infertility due to spinal         cord injury using rectal probe electroejaculation: the Israeli experience. Spinal Cord 2001 Mar;39:168-175.

Hibi H, Ohori T, Yamada Y, Honda N, Hashiba Y, Asada Y. Retrograde vassal sperm aspiration in anejaculatory         patients with spinal cord injury. Reproductive Medicine and Biology 2008; 7:115-118.

Hirsch JH, Smith RL, Chancellor MB, Bagley DH, Carsello RN, Staas WE. Use of intracavernous injection of         prostaglandin E1 for neuropathic erectile dysfunction. Paraplegia 1994;32:661-664.

Hughes SJ, Short DJ, Usherwood MM, Tebbutt H. Management of the pregnant woman with spinal cord injuries. Br J         Obstet Gynaecol 1991;98:513-518.

Hultling C. Partner’s perception of the efficacy of sildenafil citrate (Viagra®) in the treatment of erectile         dysfunction. Int J Clin Pract 1999;Suppl 102:16-18.

Hultling C, Giuliano F, Quirk F, Pena B, Mishra A, Smith MD. Quality of life in patients with spinal cord injury         receiving Viagra (sildenafil citrate) for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. Spinal Cord 2000;38:363-370.

Hultling C, Levi R, Garoff L, Nylund L, Rosenborg L, Sjoblom P, et al. Assisted ejaculation combined with in vitro         fertilisation: an effective technique treating male infertility due to spinal cord injury. Paraplegia 1994;32:463467.

Hultling C, Rosenlund B, Levi R, Fridstrom M, Sjoblom P, Hillensjo T. Assisted ejaculation and in-vitro fertilization         in the treatment of infertile spinal cord-injured men: the role of intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Hum Reprod         1997;12:499-502.

Ibrahim E, Brackett NL, Aballa TC, Lynne CM. Safety of a novel treatment to improve sperm motility in men with         spinal cord injury. Fertil Steril 2009; 91:1411-1413.

Iwatsubo E, Tanaka M, Takahashi K, Akatsu T. Non-inflatable penile prosthesis for the management of urinary         incontinence and sexual disability of patients with spinal cord injury. Paraplegia 1986;24:307-310.

Jackson AB, Wadley V. A multicenter study of women’s self-reported reproductive health after spinal cord injury.         Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1999;80:1420-1428.

Jones ML, Leslie DP, Bilsky G, Bowman B. Effects of intrathecal baclofen on perceived sexual functioning in men         with spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med 2008;31:97-102.

Julia PE, Othman AS. Barriers to sexual activity: counselling spinal cord injured women in Malaysia. Spinal Cord.         2011;49:791-4.

Kalpakjian CZ, Quint EH, Bushnik T, Rodriguez GM, Terrill MS. Menopause characteristics and subjective symptoms         in women with and without spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2010;91:562-9.

Kanto S, Uto H, Toya M, Ohnuma T, Arai Y, Kyono K. Fresh testicular sperm retrieved from men with spinal cord         injury retains equal fecundity to that from men with obstructive azoospermia via intracytoplasmic sperm         injection. Fertil Steril 2009; 92:1333-1336.

Kapoor VK, Chahal AS, Jyoti SP, Mundkur YJ, Kotwal SV, Mehta VK. Intracavernous papaverine for impotence in         spinal cord injured patients. Paraplegia 1993;31:675-677.

Kathiresan ASQ, Ibrahim E, Aballa TC, Attia GR, Lynne CM, Brackett NL. Pregnancy outcomes by intravaginal and         intrauterine insemination in 82 couples with male factor infertility due to spinal cord injuries. Fertility and         Sterility 2011;96:328-331.

Kathiresan ASQ, Ibrahim E, Modh R, Aballa TC, Lynne C, Brackett NL. Semen quality in ejaculates produced by         masturbation in men with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2012; 50: 891-894.

Kennedy P, Lude P, Taylor N. Quality of life, social participation, appraisals and coping post spinal cord injury: A         review of four community samples. Spinal Cord 2006;44:95-105.

Khorrami MH, Javid A, Moshtaghi D, Nourimahdavi K, Mortazavi A, Zia HR. Sildenafil efficacy in erectile dysfunction         secondary to spinal cord injury depends on the level of cord injuries. Int J Androl 2010;33:861-4.

Kim ED, el-Rashidy R, McVary KT. Papaverine topical gel for treatment of erectile dysfunction. J Urol         1995;153:361-365.

Kim ED, McVary KT. Topical prostaglandin-E1 for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. J Urol 1995;153:1828-1830.

Kim YD, Yang SO, Lee JK, Jung TY, Shim HB. Usefulness of a malleable penile prosthesis in patients with a spinal         cord injury. Int J Urol 2008;15:919-923.

Kimoto Y, Sakamoto S, Fujikawa K, Tachibana T, Yamamoto N, Otani T. Up-titration of vardenafil dose from 10mg to         20mg improved erectile function in men with spinal cord injury. Int J Urol 2006;13:1428-1433.

Kolettis PN, Lambert MC, Hammond KR, Kretzer PA, Steinkampf MP, Lloyd LK. Fertility outcomes after         electroejaculation in men with spinal cord injury. Fertil Steril 2002;78:429-431.

Komisaruk BR, Whipple B, Crawford A, Liu WC, Kalnin A, Mosier K. Brain activation during vaginocervical         self- stimulation and orgasm in women with complete spinal cord injury: FMRI evidence of mediation by the         vagus nerves. Brain Res 2004;1024:77-88.

Krause JS, Broderick LE, Broyles J. Subjective well-being among african-americans with spinal cord injury: An         exploratory study between men and women. NeuroRehabilitation 2004; 19:81-89.

Kreuter M, Siösteen A, Biering-Sørensen F. Sexuality and sexual life in women with spinal cord injury: A controlled         study. J Rehabil Med 2008;40:61-69.

Kreuter M, Sullivan M, Siosteen A. Sexual adjustment after spinal cord injury-comparison of partner experiences in         pre- and postinjury relationships. Paraplegia 1994;32:759-770.

Kreuter M, Sullivan M, Siosteen A. Sexual adjustment and quality of relationship in spinal paraplegia: A controlled         study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1996;77:541-548.

Kreuter M, Taft C, Siösteen A, Biering-Sørensen F. Women’s sexual functioning and sex life after spinal cord         injury. Spinal Cord. 2011;49:154-60.

Kreuter M. Spinal cord injury and partner relationships. Spinal Cord 2000;38:2-6.

Laumann EO, Paik A, Rosen RC. Sexual dysfunction in the United States: prevalence and predictors. JAMA. 1999         10;281:537-44.

Lavela SL, Weaver FM, Smith B, Chen K. Disease prevalence and use of preventative services : Comparison of         female veterans in general and those with spinal cord injuries and disorders. J Womens Health 2006;15:301-311.

Le Chapelain L, Nguyen Van Tam P, Dehail P, Berjon JJ, Barat M, Mazaux JM, et al. Ejaculatory stimulation, quality         of semen and reproductive aspects in spinal cord injured men. Spinal Cord 1998;36:132-136.

Leduc BE, Roy D, Poulin O. The use of physostigmine in men with spinal cord injury with ejaculatory dysfunction.         Can J Rehabil 1992;5:231-235.

Leduc BE. Treatment of infertility in 31 men with spinal cord injury. Can J Urol. 2012;19:6432-6.

Leibowitz RQ, Stanton AL. Sexuality after spinal cord injury: A conceptual model based on Women’s narratives.         Rehabil Psychol 2007;52:44-55.

Lim TC, Mallidis C, Hill ST, Skinner DJ, Carter PD, Brown DJ, Baker HWG. A simple technique to prevent retrograde         ejaculation during assisted ejaculation. Paraplegia 1994;32:142-149.

Lloyd LK, Richards JS. Intracavernous pharmacotherapy for management of erectile dysfunction in spinal cord injury.         Paraplegia 1989;27:457-464.

Lochner-Ernst D, Mandalka B, Kramer G, Stohrer M. Conservative and surgical semen retrieval in patients with spinal         cord injury. Spinal Cord 1997;35:463-468.

Lombardi G, Del Popolo G, Macchiarella A, Mencarini M, Celso M. Sexual rehabilitation in women with spinal cord         injury: a critical review of the literature. Spinal Cord 2010;48:842-849.

Lombardi G, Macchiarella A, Cecconi F, Aito S, Del Popolo G. Sexual life of males over 50 years of age with         spinal-cord lesions of at least 20 years. Spinal Cord 2008;46:679-683.

Lombardi G, Macchiarella A, Cecconi F, Del Popolo G. Efficacy and safety of medium and long-term tadalafil use in         spinal cord patients with erectile dysfunction. J Sex Med 2009a;6:535-543.

Lombardi G, Macchiarella A, Cecconi F, Del Popolo G. Ten Years of Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitors in Spinal         Cord Injured Patients. J Sex Med 2009;6:1248-1258.

Lombardi G, Macchiarella A, Cecconi F, Del Popolo G.Ten-year follow-up of sildenafil use in spinal cord-injured         patients with erectile dysfunction. J Sex Med. 2009b;6:3449-57.

Lombardi G, Nelli F, Celso M, Mencarini M, Del Popolo G. Treating erectile dysfunction and central neurological         diseases with oral phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors. Review of the literature. J Sex Med 2012; 9: 970-985.

Lucas MG, Hargreave TB, Edmond P, Creasey GH, McParland M, Seager SW. Sperm retrieval by electro-ejaculation.         Preliminary experience in patients with secondary anejaculation. Br J Urol 1991;67:191-194.

Lysberg K, Severinsson E. Spinal cord injured women’s views of sexuality: A Norwegian survey. Rehabil Nurs         2003;28:23-26.

Mallidis C, Lim TC, Hill ST, Skinner DJ, Brown DJ, Johnston WI, et al. Collection of semen from men in acute phase         of spinal cord injury. Lancet 1994;343:1072-1073.

Mallidis C, Lim TC, Hill ST, Skinner DJ, Brown DJ, Johnston WI, et al. Necrospermia and chronic spinal cord injury.         Fertil Steril 2000;74:221-227.

Martin AL, Huelin R, Wilson D, Foster TS, Mould JF. A systematic review assessing the economic impact of sildenafil         citrate (Viagra) in the treatment of erectile dysfunction. J Sex Med 2013; 10:1389-1400.

Matthews GJ, Gardner TA, Eid JF. In vitro fertilization improves pregnancy rates for sperm obtained by rectal probe         ejaculation. J Urol 1996;155:1934-1937.

Maytom MC, Derry FA, Dinsmore WW, Glass CA, Smith MD, Orr M, et al. A two-part pilot study of sildenafil (VIAGRA)         in men with erectile dysfunction caused by spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 1999;37:110-116.

McAlonan S. Improving sexual rehabilitation services: The patient’s perspective. Am J Occup Ther 1996;50:826-834.

McGregor JA, Meeuwsen, J. Autonomic hyperreflexia: a mortal danger for spinal cord-damaged women in labor. Am         J Obstet Gynecol 1985;151:330-333.

McGuire C, Manecksha RP, Sheils P, McDermott TED, Grainger R, Flynn R. Electroejaculatory Stimulation for Male         Infertility Secondary to Spinal Cord Injury: The Irish Experience in National Rehabilitation Hospital. Urology         2011;77:83-87.

Mendes AK, Cardoso FL, Savall ACR. Sexual satisfaction in people with spinal cord injury. Sex Disab         2008;26:137-147.

Mittmann N, Craven C, Gordon M, Macmillan DHR, Hassouna M, Raynard W, et al. Erectile dysfunction in spinal cord         injury: a cost-utility analysis. J Rehabil Med 2005;37:358-364.

Moemen MN, Fahmy I, AbdelAal M, Kamel I, Mansour M, Arafa MM. Erectile dysfunction in spinal cord-injured men:         Different treatment options. Int J Impotence Res 2008;20:181-187.

Mona LR, Krause JS, Norris FH, Cameron RP, Kalichman SC, Lesondak LM. Sexual expression following spinal cord         injury. NeuroRehabil 2000;15:121-131.

Monga M, Dunn K, Rajasekaran M. Characterization of ultrastructural and metabolic abnormalities in semen from         men with spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med 2001;24:41-46.

Moreno JG, Chancellor MB, Karasick S, King S, Abdill CK, Rivas DA. Improved quality of life and sexuality with         continent urinary diversion in quadriplegic women with umbilical stoma. Arch Phys Med Rehabil         1995;76:758-762.

Morgentaler A, Barada J, Niederberger C, Donatucci C, Garcia CI, Natanegara F, et al. Efficacy and safety of         tadalafil across ethnic groups and various risk factors in men with erectile dysfunction – use of a novel         noninferiority study design. J Sex Med 2006;3:492-503.

Morton C, Le JT, Shahbandar L, Hammond C, Murphy EA, Kirschner KL. Pregnancy outcomes of women with         physical disabilities: a matched cohort study. PM R. 2013;5:90-8.

Nehra A, Werner MA, Bastuba M, Title C, Oates RD. Vibratory stimulation and rectal probe electroejaculation as         therapy for patients with spinal cord injury: semen parameters and pregnancy rates. J Urol 1996;155:554-559.

Nosek MA, Rintala DH, Young ME, Foley CC, Dunn K. Findings on reproductive health and access to health care.         National Survey of Women with Physical Disabilities. [Online]. 1996. Available from         URL:http://www.bcm.edu/crowd/finding4.html.

Ohl DA, Bennett CJ, McCabe M, Menge AC, McGuire EJ. Predictors of success in electroejaculation of spinal cord         injured men. J Urol 1989;142:1483-1486.

Ohl DA, Quallich SA,Sonksen J, Brackett NL,Lynne CM. Anejaculation: An Electrifying Approach. Sem in Repro Med         2009;27:179–185.

Ohl DA, Sonksen J, Menge AC, McCabe M, Keller LM. Electroejaculation versus vibratory stimulation in spinal cord         injured men: sperm quality and patient preference. J Urol 1997;157:2147-2149.

Ohl DA, Wolf LJ, Menge AC, Christman GM, Hurd WW, Ansbacher R, et al. Electroejaculation and assisted         reproductive technologies in the treatment of anejaculatory infertility. Fertil Steril 2001;76:1249-1255.

Overgoor ML, de Jong TP, Cohen-Kettenis PT, Edens MA, Kon M. Increased sexual health after restored genital         sensation in male patients with spina bifida or a spinal cord injury: the TOMAX procedure. J Urol         2013;189:626-632.

Padron OF, Brackett NL, Weizman MS, Lynne CM. Semen of spinal cord injured men freezes reliably. J Androl         1994;15:266-269.

Pannek J and Bertschy S. Mission impossible? Urological management of patients with spinal cord injury during         pregnancy: a systematic review. Spinal Cord 2011; 49: 1028-1032.

Patki P, Woodhouse J, Hamid R, Craggs M, Shah J. Effects of spinal cord injury on semen parameters. Journal of         Spinal Cord Medicine 2008; 31: 27-32.

Pentland W, Walker J, Minnes P, Tremblay M, Brouwer B, Gould M. Women with spinal cord injury and the impact of         aging. Spinal Cord 2002;40:374-387.

Persaud D. Barriers to preventative health practices in women with spinal cord impairments. SCI Nursing         2000;17:168-175.

Phelps G, Brown M, Chen J, Dunn M, Lloyd E, Stefanick ML, et al. Sexual experience and plasma testosterone levels         in male veterans after spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1983;64:47-52.

Phelps J, Albo M, Dunn K, Joseph A. Spinal cord injury and sexuality in married or partnered men: Activities,         function, needs, and predictors of sexual adjustment. Arch Sex Behav 2001;30:591-602.

Post MWM, Gianotten WL, Heijnen L, Lambers EJHR, Willems M. Sexological competence of different rehabilitation         disciplines and effects of a discipline-specific sexological training. Sex Disabil 2008;26:3-14.

Potter PJ, Hayes KC, Segal JL, Hsieh JT, Brunnemann SR, Delaney GA, et al. Randomized double-blind crossover trial         of fampridine-SR (sustained release 4-aminopyridine) in patients with incomplete spinal cord injury. J         Neurotrauma 1998;15:837-849.

Pryor JL, Kuneck PH, Blatz SM, Thorp C, Cornwell CE, Carrell DT. Delayed timing of intrauterine insemination         results in a significantly improved pregnancy rate in female partners of quadriplegic men. Fertil Steril         2001;76:1130-1135.

Pryor JL, LeRoy SC, Nagel TC, Hensleigh HC. Vibratory stimulation for treatment of anejaculation in quadriplegic         men. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1995;76:59-64.

Qiu Y, Wang LG, Zhang LH, Zhang AD, Wang ZY. Quality of sperm obtained by penile vibratory stimulation and         percutaneous vasal sperm aspiration in men with spinal cord injury. J Androl 2012;33:1036-1046.

Ravindran RS, Cummins DF, Smith IE. Experience with the use of nitroprusside and subsequent epidural analgesia in         a pregnant quadriplegic patient. Anesth Analg 1981;60:61-63.

Raviv G, Madgar I, Elizur S, Zeilig G, Levron J. Testicular sperm retrieval and intra cytoplasmic sperm injection         provide favorable outcome in spinal cord injury patients, failing conservative reproductive treatment. Spinal         Cord. 2013;51:642-4.

Rawicki HB, Hill S. Semen retrieval in spinal cord injured men. Paraplegia 1991;29:443-446.

Reitz A, Tobe V, Knapp PA, Schurch B. Impact of spinal cord injury on sexual health and quality of life. Int J Impot Res         2004;16:167-174.

Renganathan R, Suranjan B, Kurien T. Comparison of transdermal nitroglycerin and intracavernous injection of         papaverine in the treatment of erectile dysfunction in patients with spinal cord lesions. Spinal Cord         1997;35:99-103

Richards E, Tepper M, Whipple B, Komisaruk B. Women with complete spinal cord injury: a phenomenological study         of sexuality and relationship experiences. Sex Disabil 1997;15:271-283.

Rizio N, Tran C, Sorenson M. Efficacy and satisfaction rates of oral PDE5 is in the treatment of erectile         dysfunction secondary to spinal cord injury: A review of literature. The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine         2012;35:219-228.

Rutkowski SB, Middleton JW, Truman G, Hagen DL, Ryan JP. The influence of bladder management on fertility in         spinal cord injured males. Paraplegia 1995;33:263-266.

Sale P, Mazzarella F, Pagliacci MC, Agosti M, Felzani G, Franceschini M. Predictors of changes in sentimental and         sexual life after traumatic spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2012;93:1944-9.

Salsabili N, Ziaei AM, Taheri M, Akbari F, Jalaie S. Impact of sperm collection methods in sperm parameters in         spinal cord injured men and compared to normal controls in ICSI program. Sex Disabil 2006;24:141-149.

Sánchez Ramos A, Vidal J, Jáuregui ML, Barrera M, Recio C, Giner M, Toribio L, Salvador S, Sanmartín A, de la         Fuente M, Santos JF, de Juan FJ, Moraleda S, Méndez JL, Ramírez L, Casado RM. Efficacy, safety and predictive         factors of therapeutic success with sildenafil for erectile dysfunction in patients with different spinal cord         injuries. Spinal Cord 2001; 39: 637-43.

Sarkarati M, Rossier AB, Fam BA. Experience in vibratory and electro-ejaculation techniques in spinal cord injury         patients: a preliminary report. J Urol 1987;138:59-62.

Sawyer HW, Allen HA, Reisin BL. Microcounseling: A Counselor Training Format Relating to Sexual Concerns of         Spinal Cord Injured Woman. Sexuality and Disability 1983;6:30-37.

Schatte EC, Orejuela FJ, Lipshultz LI, Kim ED, Lamb DJ. Treatment of infertility due to anejaculation in the male         with electroejaculation and intracytoplasmic sperm injection. J Urol 2000;163:1717-1720.

Schmid DM, Schurch B, Houri D. Sildenafil in the treatment of sexual dysfunction in spinal cord-injured male         patients. Eur Urol 2000;38:184-193.

Schopp LH, Kirkpatrick HA, Sanford TC, Hagglund KJ, Wongvatunyu S. Impact of comprehensive gynecologic         services on health maintenance behaviours among women with spinal cord injury. Disabil Rehabil         2002;24:899-903.

Schuler M. Sexual counseling for the spinal cord injured: A review of five programs. J Sex Marital Ther         1982;8:241-252.

Sharma SC, Singh R, Dogra R, Gupta SS. Assessment of sexual functions after spinal cord injury in indian patients.         Int J Rehabil Res 2006;29:17-25.

Sheel AW, Krassioukov AV, Inglis JT, Elliott SL. Autonomic dysreflexia during sperm retrieval in spinal cord injury:         influence of lesion level and sildenafil citrate. J Appl Physiol 2005;99:53-58.

Shieh JY, Chen SU, Wang YH, Chang HC, Ho HN, Yang YS. A protocol of electroejaculation and systematic assisted         reproductive technology achieved high efficiency and efficacy for pregnancy for anejaculatory men with spinal         cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2003;84:535-540.

Sidi AA, Cameron JS, Dykstra DD, Reinberg Y, Lange PH. Vasoactive intracavernous pharmacotherapy for the         treatment of erectile impotence in men with spinal cord injury. J Urol 1987;138:539-542.

Sievert K, Amend B, Gakis G, Toomey P, Badke A, Kaps HP, Stenzl A. Early Sacral Neuromodulation Prevents Urinary         Incontinence After Complete Spinal Cord Injury. Ann Neurol 2010;67:74-84.

Siosteen A, Forssman L, Steen Y, Sullivan L, Wickstrom I. Quality of semen after repeated ejaculation treatment in         spinal cord injury men. Paraplegia 1990;28:96-104.

Sipski M, Alexander CJ, Gomez-Marin O. Effects of level and degree of spinal cord injury on male orgasm. Spinal         Cord 2006;44:798-804.

Sipski ML, Alexander CJ, Gómez-Martín O, Grossbard M, Rosen R. Effect of vibratory stimulation on sexual response         in women with spinal cord injury. J Rehabil Res Devel 2005;42:609-616.

Sipski ML, Alexander CJ, Rosen R. Sexual arousal and orgasm in women: Effects of spinal cord injury. Ann Neurol         2001;49:35-44.

Sipski ML, Alexander CJ, Rosen RC. Physiologic parameters associated with sexual arousal in women with         incomplete spinal cord injuries. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1997;78:305-313.

Sipski ML, Alexander CJ, Rosen RC. Physiological parameters associated with psychogenic sexual arousal in women         with complete spinal cord injuries. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1995;76:811-818.

Sipski ML, Alexander CJ. Sexual activities, response and satisfaction in women pre- and post spinal cord injury.         Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1993;74:1025-1029.

Sipski ML, Arenas A. Female sexual function after spinal cord injury. Prog Brain Res 2006;152:441-447.

Sipski ML, Rosen RC, Alexander CJ, Gómez-Martín O. Sexual responsiveness in women with spinal cord injuries:         differential effect of anxiety-eliciting stimulation. Arch Sex Behav 2004;33:295-302.

Sipski ML, Rosen RC, Alexander CJ, Hamer R. A controlled trail of positive feedback to increase sexual arousal in         women with spinal cord injuries. NeuroRehabil 2000;15:145-153.

Sipski ML, Rosen RC, Alexander CJ, Hamer RM. Sildenafil effects on sexual and cardiovascular responses in women         with spinal cord injury. Urology 2000;55:812-815.

Sipski ML, Rosen RC, Alexander CJ. Physiological parameters associated with the performance of a distracting task         and genital self-stimulation in women with complete spinal cord injuries. Arch Phys Med Rehabil         1996;77:419-424.

Sipski ML. The impact of spinal cord injury on female sexuality, menstruation and pregnancy: a review of the         literature. J Am Paraplegia Soc 1991;14:122-126.

Skrowonski E, Hartman K. Obstetric management following tramautic tetraplegia: case series and literature review.         Aust NZJ Obstet Gynaecol 2008;45:485-491.

Soler J, Previnaire J, Mieusset R, Plante P. Oral Midodrine for Prostaglandin E1 Induced Priapism in Spinal Cord         Injured Patients. The Journal of Urology 2009;182:1096-1100.

Soler JM, Previnaire JG, Denys P, Chartier-Kastler E. Phosphodiesterase inhibitors in the treatment of erectile         dysfunction in spinal cord-injured men. Spinal Cord 2007a;45:169-173.

Soler JM, Previnaire JG, Plante P, Denys P, Chartier-Kastler E. Midodrine improves ejaculation in spinal cord         injured men. J Urol 2007b;178:2082-2086.

Soler JM, Previnaire JG, Plante P, Denys P, Chartier-Kastler E. Midodrine improves orgasm in spinal cord-injured         men: the effects of autonomic stimulation. J Sex Med 2008;5:2935-2941.

Sonksen J, Biering-Sorensen F, Kristensen JK. Ejaculation induced by penile vibratory stimulation in men with         spinal cord injuries. The importance of the vibratory amplitude. Paraplegia 1994;32:651-660.

Sonksen J, Biering-Sorensen F. Transcutaneous nitroglycerin in the treatment of erectile dysfunction in spinal cord         injured. Paraplegia 1992;30:554-557.

Sonksen J, Fode M, Lochner-Ernst D, Ohl DA. Vibratory ejaculation in 140 spinal cord injured men and home         insemination of their partners. Spinal Cord 2012;50:63-66.

Sonksen J, Sommer P, Biering-Sorensen F, Ziebe S, Lindhard A, Loft A, et al. Pregnancy after assisted ejaculation         procedures in men with spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1997;78:1059-1061.

Steers W,Meythaler J, Haworth C, Herrel D, Park T. Effects of acute bolus and chronic continuous intrathecal         baclofen on genitourinary dysfunction due to spinal cord pathology. J Urol 1992;92:1849-1855.

Stevenson, R. Elliott SL. Sexuality and Medical Illness in Principles and Practice of Sex Therapy , 4th Edition,         Editor Sandra Leiblum Guilford Press  New York, New York pages 313- 349, 2007.

Strebel RT, Reitz A, Tenti G, Curt A, Hauri D, Schurch B. Apomorphine sublingual as primary or secondary treatment         for erectile dysfunction in patients with spinal cord injury. BJU Int 2004;93:100-104.

Tang SFT, Chu NK, Wong MK. Intracavernous injection of prostaglandin E1 in spinal cord injured patients with         erectile dysfunction – a preliminary report. Paraplegia 1995;33:731-733.

Taylor Z, Molloy D, Hill V, Harrison K. Contribution of the assisted reproductive technologies to fertility in males         suffering spinal cord injury. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 1999;39:84-87.

Tepper MS, Whipple B, Richards E, Komisaruk BR. Women with complete spinal cord injury: A phenomenological         study of sexual experiences. J Sex Marital Ther 2001;27:615-623.

Tepper MS. Letting go of restrictive notions of manhood: male sexuality, disability and chronic illness. Sex         Disabil 1999;17:37-52.

Tepper MS. Providing Comprehensive Sexual Health Care in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation: Implementation and         Evaluation of a New Curriculum for Health Care Professionals. Sexuality and Disability 1997;15:131-165.

Tepper MS. Sexual education in spinal cord injury rehabilitation: Current trends and recommendations. Sexuality         & Disability 1992;10:15-31.

Todd NV. Priapism in acute spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord 2011; 49: 1033-1035.

Tuzgen S, Karamehmetoglu SS, Karacan I, Tanriverdi T. Use of sildenafil in the treatment of erectile dysfunction in         patients with spinal cord injury. Neurosurg 2006;16:40-43.

Valtonen K, Karlsson AK, Siösteen A, Dahlöf LG, Viikari-Juntura E. Satisfaction with sexual life among persons with         traumatic spinal cord injury and meningomyelocele. Disabil Rehabil 2006; 28: 965-76.

Van der Aa, Hermans H, Alleman, Vorsteveld H. Sacral anterior root stimulation for bladder control in patients with         a complete lesion of the spinal cord. Acta Neurochir 1995;134:88-92.

VerVoort SM, Donovan WH, Dykstra DD, Syers P. Increased current delivery and sperm collection using nifedipine         during electroejaculation in men with high spinal cord injuries. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1988;69:595-597.

Vignes JR, Liguoro D, Sesay M, Barat M, Guerin J. Dorsal rhizotomy with anterior sacral root stimulation for         neurogenic bladder. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 2001;76:243-245.

Wang YH, Chiang HS, Wu CH, Lien IN. Electroejaculation in spinal cord injured males. J Formos Med Assoc         1992;91:413-418.

Watanabe T, Chancellor MB, Rivas DA, Hirsch IH, Bennett CJ, Finocchiaro MV, et al. Epidemiology of current         treatment for sexual dysfunction in spinal cord injured men in the USA model spinal cord injury centers. J Spinal         Cord Med 1996;19:186-189.

Westgren N, Hultling C, Levi R, Seiger A, Westgren M. Sexuality in women with traumatic spinal cord injury. Acta         Obstet Gynecol Scand 1997;76:977-983.

Whipple B, Komisaruk BR. Brain (PET) responses to vaginal-cervical self-stimulation in women with complete spinal         cord injury: Preliminary findings. J Sex Marital Ther 2002;28:79-86.

Whipple B, Richards E, Tepper M, Komisaruk BR. Sexual response in women with complete spinal cord injury. Sex         Disab 1996;14:191-201.

White MJ, Rintala DH, Hart KA, Fuhrer MJ. Sexual activities, concerns and interests of women with spinal cord         injury living in the community. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 1993;72:372-378.

Yildiz N, Gokkaya NKO, Koseoglu F, Gokkaya S, Comert D. Efficacies of papaverine and sildenafil in the treatment of         erectile dysfunction in early-stage paraplegic men. International Journal of Rehab Research 2011;34:44-52.

Zaslau S, Nicolis C, Galea G, Britanico J, Vapnek JM. A simplified pharmacologic erection program for patients with         spinal cord injury. J Spinal Cord Med 1999;22:303-307.

Zasler ND, Katz PG. Synergist erection system in the management of impotence secondary to spinal cord injury.         Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1989;70:712-716.

Zermann DH, Kutzenberger J, Sauerwein D, Schubert J, Loeffler U. Penile prosthetic surgery in neurologically         impaired patients: Long-term followup. J Urol 2006;175:1041-1044.