AA

Key Points

Download as a PDF
  • Anti-inflammatory medications given early post spinal cord injury reduces development of heterotopic ossification.
  • Warfarin may inhibit the development of heterotopic ossification post spinal cord injury.
  • Alendronate does not prevent the development of heterotopic ossification and may cause contractures.
  • Etidronate can halt the progression of heterotopic ossification.
  • Pamidronate halts secondary progression of heterotopic ossification post-surgical excision.
  • Pulse low intensity electromagnetic field therapy is effective in preventing heterotopic ossification post spinal cord injury.
  • Radiotherapy can reduce the progression of heterotopic ossification.
  • Surgical resection of heterotopic ossification can improve hip range of motion but it may reoccur in a large number of individuals.
  • Surgical resection and pamidronate treatment halts secondary heterotopic ossification progression.