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Venous Thromboembolism

Mrs. Miller is experiencing pain in her leg. The nurse thinks she may be at risk for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) because of immobilization due to injury.
Q11. How common is deep venous thrombosis in SCI patients who are not receiving prophylactic treatment?
1. DVT and subsequent pulmonary embolism (PE) remain a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in spinal cord injured patients.
2. Incidence of DVT has been reported by various authors to range widely (9%-100%) during the acute stage of SCI with most occurring in the first 2 weeks post-injury, sometimes leading to a pulmonary embolism which remains a common cause of death.
3. Deep venous thrombosis is common in spinal cord injured patients not receiving prophylaxis.
For more information please see: Prevalence of Venous Thromboembolism Post SCI

 

Figure 7. Deep Vein Thrombosis: This medical exhibit illustrates the process of clot formation in the deep veins of the leg. From Medical Illustration (2010) Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.