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Patterned Electrical Stimulation in SCI

What evidence is there for Patterned Electrical Stimulation?
1. PES programs are beneficial in preventing (in recent motor complete SCI individuals) and partially restoring lower limb muscle atrophy (in long standing motor complete SCI individuals). It also improves lower limb muscle strength and endurance.

Figure 4. Functional Electrical Stimulation for knee-joint angle control. Permission granted by Valtin, M (2009). Controlled Functional Electric Stimulation in the Rehabilitation of Spinal Cord Injured Persons and Stroke Patients. Retrieved from http://www.control.tu-berlin.de/Welcome.

For more information please see: Patterned Electrical Stimulation